encephalomalacia


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encephalomalacia

 [en-sef″ah-lo-mah-la´shah]
softening of the brain.

en·ceph·a·lo·ma·la·ci·a

(en-sef'ă-lō-mă-lā'shē-ă),
Abnormal softness of the cerebral parenchyma often due to ischemia or infarction.
Synonym(s): cerebromalacia
[encephalo- + G. malakia, softness]

encephalomalacia

/en·ceph·a·lo·ma·la·cia/ (en-sef″ah-lo-mah-la´shah) softening of the brain.

softening of the brain

Microbiology
General paresis, see there.
 
Neurology
A nonspecific term for a localised softening of brain tissue, which is most commonly due to haemorrhage or infarction, but may also be due to primary or metastatic cancer, parasites, abscesses, and so on.
 
Vox populi
A non-medical term referring to a person who is perceived as having lost some amount of logical functioning, such as in cases of dementia.

encephalomalacia

Neurology Softening of brain tissue, usually due to ischemia or infarction

en·ceph·a·lo·ma·la·ci·a

(en-sef'ă-lō-mă-lā'shē-ă)
Abnormal softness of the cerebral parenchyma often due to ischemia or infarction.
Synonym(s): cerebromalacia.
[encephalo- + G. malakia, softness]

encephalomalacia

Softening of an area of the brain, usually as a result of loss of its blood supply (infarction).

encephalomalacia

literally, softening of the brain but the term is used to include degenerative diseases of the brain generally. Leukoencephalomalacia refers to the white matter, polioencephalomalacia to the gray matter. The syndrome associated with encephalomalacia is primarily one of loss of function including somnolence, blindness, ataxia, head pressing, circling and terminal coma.

degenerative encephalomalacia
includes nigropallidal encephalomalacia, leukoencephalomalacia.
focal symmetrical encephalomalacia
a subacute form of enterotoxemia due to Clostridium perfringens type D in sheep which are partly immune to the toxin. Clinical signs are the dummy syndrome of aimless wandering, head pressing, blindness and incoordination. Most affected sheep die after an illness of about 7 days.
nigropallidal encephalomalacia
References in periodicals archive ?
8-11) Histopathologic findings in mature small animal patients with hydrocephalus include ependymal thinning, astrogliosis, focal encephalomalacia, hemorrhage, hemosiderosis, and endothelial hypertrophy.
Follow-up CT 3 months after admission revealed small bilateral cerebellar foci of hypoattenuation compatible with encephalomalacia.
Treated toxoplasmosis results in encephalomalacia or calcified glial scars [18].
It was not disputed that Joseph was profoundly disabled and suffered from cystic encephalomalacia and spastic quadriparetic cerebral palsy.
Computed tomography head scans showed extensive encephalomalacia throughout the bilateral frontal, parietal, and occipital lobes and in the bilateral basal ganglia coupled with ex vacuo dilation of the ventricles.
A follow-up MRI at 8 months demonstrated left temporal encephalomalacia, partial recanalization of the left transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus, and left intemal jugular vein with no new focal lesions.
This caused Taylor to suffer from "spastic quadriplegia related to encephalomalacia resulting from perinatal hypoxia and ischemia," or cerebral palsy.
A starthistle toxin causes a chewing disease, nigropallidal encephalomalacia, in horses.
The MRI performed at the time demonstrated a herniation of meninges through a bony defect in the lateral wall of the right sphenoid sinus and subtle features of encephalomalacia of the adjacent temporal lobe (Figs 1a - c).
Her first interval scan revealed encephalomalacia in both frontal lobes superiorly and minimal linear extra-axial contrast enhancement.
Vitamin E-selenium deficiency can cause myocardial lesions in poultry (15) but more commonly causes encephalomalacia in affected birds.
A post-op CT scan demonstrated encephalomalacia in the right posterior parietal region, dilation of the third and lateral ventricles, and calcification in the right subdural region (Figure 7).