encephalocele


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encephalocele

 [en-sef´ah-lo-sēl″]
hernial protrusion of brain substance and meninges through a congenital or traumatic opening of the skull.
occipital encephalocele an encephalocele in the occipital region, the most common kind seen in the Western Hemisphere.
A baby with a large occipital encephalocele. From Mueller and Young, 2001.

en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(en-sef'ă-lō-sēl'),
A congenital gap in the cranium with herniation of brain substance.
[encephalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

encephalocele

/en·ceph·a·lo·cele/ (en-sef´ah-lo-sēl″) hernia of part of the brain and meninges through a congenital, traumatic, or postsurgical cranial defect.

encephalocele

[ensef′ələsēl′]
Etymology: Gk, enkephalos + koilia, cavity
1 protrusion of the brain through a congenital defect in the skull.
2 hernia of the brain. See also neural tube defect.
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Encephalocele

en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(en-sef'ă-lō-sēl)
A congenital gap in the cranium with herniation of brain substance.
Synonym(s): craniocele.
[encephalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

encephalocele

congenital failure of skull closure, with resultant herniation of brain tissue; associated with severe spinal dysraphism

en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(en-sef'ă-lō-sēl)
Congenital cranial gap with herniation of brain substance.
[encephalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

encephalocele

hernial protrusion of brain substance through a congenital or traumatic opening of the skull.
References in periodicals archive ?
The clinical presentation of intrasphenoidal encephalocele varies.
Ocular hypertelorism and an increase in bitemporal diameter are common in patients with encephalocele.
Occult encephaloceles and temporal lobe epilepsy: Developmental and acquired lesions in the middle fossa.
Nasal glial heterotopia, also called nasal glioma, is a rare developmental abnormality, which is probably related to congenital encephalocele.
6 cm occipital bony defect with an associated encephalocele measuring more than 16 cm and containing cerebellar tissue.
A diagnosis of temporal lobe encephalocele was made, and the patient was taken to the operating room for endoscopic surgery.
On MRI, sincipital encephalocele will present as a glabellar, prenasal, nasal, or nasal septum mass, which is continuous with the intracranial contents, contains CSF signal intensity fluid and brain parenchyma (which may be T2 hyperintense secondary to gliosis).
Chiari III malformation is the most severe form with cerebellar and brainstem tissue herniating through an upper cervical spina bifida forming an encephalocele.
Some of the major causes of perinatal, infant, and childhood mortality and morbidity are spina bifida and the related neural tube defects (NTDs), [1] anencephaly and encephalocele.
A trained clinician in fetal imaging may be able to identify acrania, anencephaly, and encephalocele, for example.
It is also important to differentiate the two in order to avoid postoperative recurrent infections in patients with middle ear encephalocele.
Jonathan was born with multiple birth defects, including Encephalocele, and given a prognosis deemed "incompatible with life.