Due to increased surgical experience and technical innovations, majority of patients with acute cholecystitis, empyema of gallbladder
, gangrenous gallbladder, obesity, and pregnancy, cirrhosis of liver and upper abdominal surgery are no more considered contraindicated for LC.
4 empyema of gallbladder
6 Gallstone with pancreatitis -- -- -- 7 Acute cholecystitis with -- -- -- gallbladder perforation 8 Acute cholecystitis 1 0 0.
Symptomatic gallstone disease may lead to complications including acute cholecystitis, chronic cholecystitis, empyema of gallbladder
, mucocele, choledocholithiasis with or without cholangitis, gallstone pancreatitis, gallstone ileus, and gallbladder carcinoma4.
Surgical finding was empyema of gallbladder
with single stone in the neck of gallbladder.
There is increased incidence of complications during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for empyema of gallbladder.
Forty patients of empyema of gallbladder were identified and included in the study population who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Increased surgical experience and new technical innovations have extended the indications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy to patients with acute cholecystitis, gangrenous gallbladder, empyema of gallbladder, previous abdominal surgery, obesity and pregnancy.
5 Percent patients were diagnosed as empyema of gallbladder.