empirical treatment

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empirical treatment

Treatment given without knowledge of the cause or nature of the disorder and based on experience rather than logic. Sometimes urgency dictates empirical treatment, as when a dangerous infection by an unknown organism is treated with a broad-spectrum antibiotic while the results of bacterial culture and other tests are awaited.

Empirical treatment

Medical treatment that is given on the basis of the doctor's observations and experience.


management and care of a patient or the combating of disease or disorder.

active treatment
treatment directed immediately to the cure of the disease or injury.
causal treatment
treatment directed against the cause of a disease.
conservative treatment
treatment designed to avoid radical medical therapeutic measures or operative procedures.
empirical treatment
treatment by means that experience has proved to be beneficial.
expectant treatment
treatment directed toward relief of untoward clinical signs, leaving the cure of the disease to natural forces.
palliative treatment
treatment that is designed to relieve pain and distress, but does not attempt a cure.
preventive treatment, prophylactic treatment
that in which the aim is to prevent the occurrence of the disease.
rational treatment
that based upon knowledge of disease and the action of the remedies given.
specific treatment
treatment particularly adapted to the special disease being treated.
supporting treatment
that which is mainly directed to sustaining the strength of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
Empirical treatment for pediatric urinary tract infection and resistance patterns of uropathogens, in Queen Alias Hospital and Prince A'lsha Military Center.
6%) were given empirical treatment whilst the other patients underwent specific treatment, as the pathogen was isolated before the initiation of treatment.
Its empirical treatment has been hampered by resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, and trimethoprim and by decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility (MIC for ciprofloxacin 0.
The company is employing proprietary BH3-profiling biomarker technology to replace empirical treatment paradigms with more targeted therapy.
Empirical treatment for severe community-acquired pneumonia should include MRSA coverage, pending culture results.
Currently, Diflucan oral is commonly prescribed for prophylactic treatment, Diflucan IV for definitive treatment, and Diflucan oral and Conventional Amphotericin B IV for empirical treatment.
Because a tick-borne rickettsiosis was suspected, oral empirical treatment with doxycycline (200 mg/daily) was started.
4] The seven categories were thus: (i) empirical treatment with IM penicillin (Treat All); (ii) treatment based on a positive throat culture (Culture All); (iii) treatment based on a symptomatic score of 2 using a modified WHO CDR (CDR 2+); (iv) treatment based on a CDR score of [greater than or equal to] 3 (CDR 3+); (v) treating those with a CDR score of [greater than or equal to]2, culturing those with CDR scores <2 and then treating positive cultures (CDR2+, Culture CDR negatives); (vi) treating those with a CDR [greater than or equal to] 3, culturing those with CDR scores <3 and treating positive cultures (CDR3+, Culture CDR negatives); and (vii) observation only (Treat None).
In that study, 15% of the patients experienced empirical treatment failure, which was associated with an adjusted 11-fold increase in hospital mortality.
The new, broader label now includes empirical treatment for presumed fungal infections in febrile neutropenic patients whose fever is resistant to broad-spectrum antibiotics and where a bacterial or viral cause has not been defined.
Calixa's Phase 2 stage antibiotic CXA-201, following successful development and regulatory review, has the potential to become a market leader in a growing area of unmet medical need -- the empirical treatment of common, serious Gram-negative infections, especially when the presence of the Gram-negative pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, including multi-drug resistant strains, is suspected.
Because of the growing burden of TB in SA as a result of the HIV pandemic, WHO and SA guidelines suggest empirical treatment of TB, particularly in HIV-positive patients.

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