Interestingly, a 1904 Apuntes de Botanica Medica includes note of the use of fresh leaves from Petiveria that can be used in an abortive vaginal injection, (25) and the plant uses include both a stimulant and an emmenagogue
9,43) An anonymous gynaecological self-help publication lists DC seeds as an emmenagogue
, an implantation inhibitor or abortifacient, and states that this activity may be attributed to oestrogenic activity and/or inhibition of progesterone synthesis.
Treatment was aimed at either encouraging menstruation by the use of herbal emmenagogues
, or removing these unexpelled toxins by other purification methods such as blood letting, purging, applying leeches to the genitalia or cervix, setons (threads of horsehair or strips of linen inserted beneath the skin to provide drainage) or induction of sweating (Wilbush 1988).
The history of saffron in folkloric medicine includes its use as an emmenagogue
and an abortifacient.
Nutritive Daily dosage suggestions: 5-10g as infusion (bitter) 3-7ml of a 1:2 tincture in divided doses (weekly dose 20-50) Cautions: None known Cnicus Actions that may support Referred to as a galac- benedictus galactagogue effect: tagogue by Sayre (1917) (blessed Thymoleptic in his USA Pharmacognosy thistle) Anxiolytic Text, where it also Digestive bitter tonic states that the cold Diaphoretic infusion is a bitter Emmenagogue
(could tonic and the hot suggest oxytocic effect) infusion a diaphoretic Daily dosage suggestions: and emetic in larger 6g dried leaves as infusion doses.
It is used in Asia continent as emmenagogue
and as remedy for asthma, biliousness, hysteria, giddiness and headache (Dhawan et al.
Ruta montana is used in Algeria as a cure for emmenagogue
, antispasmodic rubefiant, echarrotic powder.
Unani medicine uses it as emmenagogue
is used in treatment of candiurectic, emmenagogue
, antiflatulence, antiflu and antimicrobial agents, [22-25] while galangal root can be purchased fresh or dried.
The authors report that no major adverse effects were experienced by the volunteers, although one woman developed abnormal uterine bleeding, consistent with the herb's traditional use as an emmenagogue
a cholagogue, an emmenagogue
, and an antiseptic: Inula crithmoides L.
calamus are considered to possess aromatic, stimulant, bitter tonic, emetic, expectorant, emmenagogue
, aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, antispasmodic, carminative, and anthelmintic properties.