emerging viruses

emerging viruses

in epidemiology, a class of viruses that has long infected humans or animals but now has the opportunity to attain epidemic proportions due to human encroachment on tropic rainforests, increased international travel, burgeoning populations in less developed countries, and, possibly, mutations. Several viruses have been termed this way, including hemorrhagic viruses such as Ebola, Marburg, and Hantaan; the two rabieslike viruses Mokola and Duvenhage; rodent-borne Junin and Lassa viruses; and mosquito-borne dengue. Virologists speculate that the strain of HIV that causes AIDS may also fall into this category, having entered humans through contact with monkeys in central Africa, having possibly existed among monkey populations for some 50,000 years.
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Several pathogens are thought to be responsible for porcine diarrhea, including porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) (1), transmissible gastroenteritis virus (2), porcine deltacoronavirus (3), porcine group A rotavirus (4), and emerging viruses like porcine kobuvirus (5).
IBT is focused on the discovery of novel vaccines and therapies for emerging infectious diseases with a pipeline that includes product candidates for bacterial and viral infections, including unique pan-filovirus immunotherapeutics and vaccines, vaccines for Staphylococcal infections, and a variety of other product candidates for emerging viruses.
And as hundreds of millions of dollars became available for research on emerging viruses, the widely shared belief that bats were the culprit continued to fuel scientific attention.
Topics include antiviral therapies for emerging viruses as a model for accelerating drug development, approaches to improve anti-infective vaccine efficacy, the regulation and target for drug development for dyslipidemia, changing provider behavior in the context of chronic disease management, the relationship between endocannabinoids and cannabis and stress and reward, Ebola cures, protease-activated receptor drug development, autophagy, mitochondrial mechanisms of neuronal cell death, the functions of the lysosome in cancer biology, and new targets for drug treatment of obesity.
Current gold standard for diagnosis of viral infections is based on pathogen-targeted nucleic acid identification; thus, it cannot discern infectious stages from latent ones and it demands time consuming adjustments when mutations occur or new emerging viruses are to be included in the diagnostic protocols.
They discussed a wide range of topics, including "New Technologies to Defeat Viral Illnesses", "Airborne Concentrations of Bacteria in a Hospital Setting in Singapore", "The leading role and impact of Ministry of Public Health", "MRSA Infection: Recent Trends and Advances in Therapy", "Global One Health -- Implementation and interaction among academia, regulatory and research", "QNRF's Portfolio in Infectious Diseases", "Overview on emerging viruses and efforts to control them: Ebola and Zika as examples", "HPAI -- Emergence, prevention and control efforts", "Mers spread, consequence and global impact", and "Is it the time for testing of Hepatitis E virus -- blood donor perspective".
A recent increase in dengue and chikungunya virus co- infection may affect the evolution of these rapidly emerging viruses.
However, as was Ebola in the recent past, emerging viruses will always be of great concern.
Scientists warn that if there's risk involved in the cancer moonshot, it's the prospect of siphoning money from other research aimed at, say, developing treatments for ALS or Alzheimer's disease, or vaccines against emerging viruses.
Frieman, who is an expert on both MERS and SARS, as well as other emerging viruses.
List and recall the new emerging viruses recently identified in the United States and explain the need for better case monitoring across the world.
In particular, hand hygiene is still suboptimal in many healthcare facilities in the region contributing to the spread of superbugs, and emerging viruses to patients consequently jeopardizing their safety.

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