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Related to emergency readiness: Emergency preparedness
a state of having made advance plans for coping with an unexpected natural disaster, civil disturbance, or military attack that may threaten death and injury to a local population. The planning includes educating the population about location of shut off valves for utilities and about first aid, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ensuring that adequate sources of food, water, basic medical supplies, and bedding materials will be available; arranging for the disposal of human wastes when toilets are not functional; and establishing procedures for emergency care of the elderly, infants, small children, and women who may be pregnant. Plans for communication systems also may be part of emergency readiness.
Planning in advance for an unexpected crisis, esp. a natural disaster such as a flood or hurricane. The home should be inspected for potential hazards, and those discovered should be corrected. Flammable materials such as paints, oils, and fuels should be isolated. Utility shut-off valves should be located and pointed out to all members of the household. It is important to know the location of the nearest public shelter and the time required to go there on foot and by car. Family members should be trained in basic life support techniques. Emergency telephone numbers, including names and telephone numbers of neighbors, should be posted and easily accessible. A first-aid kit should be available and restocked when supplies have been used. Fire extinguishers and flashlights should be in working condition. Supplies of food and water for least 3 days and protective clothing and blankets should be available. It is important to provide for the special needs of infants, the elderly, and the ill. Emergency drills should be practiced, including evacuation from the home by various routes in case the usual exits are blocked or surrounded by flames.See: emergency, fire