electrolyte imbalance


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imbalance

 [im-bal´ans]
1. dysequilibrium (def. 2).
2. lack of balance; especially lack of balance between muscles, as in insufficiency of ocular muscles.
autonomic imbalance defective coordination between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, especially with respect to vasomotor activities.
electrolyte imbalance serum concentrations of an electrolyte that are either higher or lower than normal; see discussion and table under electrolyte.
fluid volume imbalance abnormally decreased or increased fluid volume or rapid shift from one compartment of body fluid to another. See also deficient fluid volume and excess fluid volume.
risk for fluid volume imbalance a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as being at risk for a decrease, increase, or rapid shift from one to the other of intravascular, interstitial, and/or intracellular fluid; this refers to body fluid loss, gain, or both. See also deficient fluid volume and excess fluid volume.
sympathetic imbalance vagotonia.
vasomotor imbalance autonomic imbalance.

electrolyte imbalance

the serum concentrations of an electrolyte that are either higher or lower than normal. See also electrolyte.

electrolyte imbalance

Critical care A general term for a derangement of major electrolytes–Na+, K+, chloride; thus defined, EI is common; in practice, EIs are only of interest if they cause clinical disease

e·lec·tro·lyte im·bal·ance

(ē-lektrō-līt im-baĺăns)
Physiologic disorder in which there are fewer or more than normal levels of serum electrolytes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients come into the hospitals complaining of dizziness, nausea and muscle cramps because the loss of sodium causes an electrolyte imbalance in the body, he says.
It is this secretion that is believed to lead to diarrhea with the associated symptoms of dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, abdominal cramping, urgency and increased frequency.
Because of the shearing forces caused by the brain shifting and crashing against the inside of the skull during a concussion, an electrolyte imbalance requires the brain to bring itself back into balance.
The condition blocks food from moving into the intestines and causes projectile vomiting that can lead to fatal dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
Drinks containing electrolytes or sports beverages may also be helpful in hot weather to avoid electrolyte imbalance.
In our patient there were no predisposing factors for QT prolongation such as electrolyte imbalance or administration of other medications known to prolong QT interval.
In addition to fluid and/or electrolyte imbalance, a surprising number of things can affect the color and odor of your urine.
He learned the dangers of fluid loss, particularly the muscle fatigue that can come from electrolyte imbalance, as a high school cross-country and track-and-field athlete.
This suggests that electrolyte imbalance is not the only reason for QT, QTc and QTcd abnormalities seen on ECG records.
This edition incorporates new chapters on drugs used to treat fluid and electrolyte imbalance and genitourinary drugs, coverage of obesity medications, and an appendix on herbal remedies.
Although the issues related to fluid and electrolyte imbalance and corresponding replacement therapy are complex, and beyond the scope of this article, it is of particular interest that IV solutions containing dextrose may be labelled and considered isotonic by practitioners because their osmolarity is similar to that of blood (Taylor & Durward, 2004).
Minerals are taken from the bones, if needed, to counteract toxic acidity and/or electrolyte imbalance.

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