electric charge


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Related to electric charge: electric potential, Electric charge density

electric charge

The state of any particle or body on which the there is an imbalance between electrons and protons. An excess of electrons causes a negative charge; a deficiency of electrons causes a positive charge. Electric charge, ELECTRIC FORCE and ELECTRIC POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE are fundamental to much of physiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
The data from this experiment suggest that, while magnetization may still rise smoothly from the proton's edges to its center, the proton's electric charge has a more complicated distribution.
Thus the electric charge distribution consists of two equally large positive and negative oscillating contributions of total electric charge, being mixed up within the volume of the wave packet.
As a summary, a pure electric charge (not observable and from the extra dimension) has been suggested as a form of imaginary energy.
The displays comprise specially designed organic thin-film materials that emit light when stimulated by an electric charge.
Well-tested theory holds that every type of particle in matter has an antiparticle with identical mass and spin but opposite electric charge.
Conventional DRAM cell consists of a capacitor, where electric charge is stored, and a transistor that function as switches.
As that strip builds negative electric charge, it bends toward the increasingly positive nickel.
In powder coating, often called "dry painting," tiny dry particles of pigment and resin are given an electric charge, then sprayed on to a wide variety of consumer and industrial products.
Textbooks say the neutron has no electric charge, but physicists have long suspected that the particle is a more complicated beast.
Nanotubes feature excellent electrical conductivity and transport the electric charge at the lowest possible levels of current consumption.
It works by applying an electric charge to a metal - say a gun or bullet - which has been coated in a fine conducting powder, similar to that used in photocopiers.
To counteract vehicle fires that can occur via the fuel system, automotive manufacturers may specify that the entire fuel system be able to dissipate an electric charge, according to the company.