References in periodicals archive ?
On histopathologic examination, chronic, active osteomyelitis was diagnosed in thoracic vertebrae 5 to 7, and chronic, active arthritis was present in both the right shoulder and left elbow joints.
The static joint torques exerted at the shoulder and elbow joints when using the exoskeleton were shown to be nearly equal to the objective static joint torques obtained from models of free-weight exercises and kinematics at lower and moderate motion speeds.
It winds over the lateral surface in the spiral groove of the humerus, finally reaciiing the medial side, where it inserts on the radial and ulnar tuberosities which ends with one tendon on the medial aspect of the radius, just distal to the biceps muscle to insert on the interosseous membrane of the elbow joint.
The arm has five degrees of freedom of movement provided by rotary actuators known as the shoulder azimuth joint, shoulder elevation joint, elbow joint, wrist joint and turret joint.
Possible causes include overuse, subluxation of the nerve, trauma including fractures around the elbow joint, osteophyte formation, soft-tissue masses and a thickened retinaculum.
UNIVERSITY of Liverpool vets were the first in the UK to carry out an elbow joint replacement operation on a dog in 2004.
The most common error made is that instead of keeping the spine vertical as the pelvis rocks forward, the therapist collapses downward toward the client; this causes the elbow joint to further bend.
X-rays showed a fracture of the left femur and a severe right ulna fracture extending in to the elbow joint, in addition to a left hip dislocation.
These include taping techniques of the upper body (scapula, shoulder joint, elbow joint, wrist joint, hand, thumb and finger), lower body (hip and buttock, thigh, knee joint, patellofemoral joint, superior and inferior tibiofibular joints, ankle joint, foot and toe), spinal conditions (cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine, pelvis and sacroiliac joint) and soft casting techniques (thumb, ankle and foot)
The arm is a powerful device: the elbow joint is able to lift 20 pounds, and the arm has end-point control, meaning the shoulder and elbow move simultaneously to reach an end-point.