eczema


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eczema

 [ek´zĕ-mah]
1. any superficial inflammatory process involving primarily the epidermis, marked early by redness, itching, minute papules and vesicles, weeping, oozing, and crusting, and later by scaling, lichenification, and often pigmentation.
2. atopic dermatitis.

Eczema is a common allergic reaction in children but it also occurs in adults, usually in a more severe form. Childhood eczema often begins in infancy, the rash appearing on the face, neck, and folds of elbows and knees. It may disappear by itself when an offending food is removed from the diet, or it may become more extensive and in some instances cover the entire surface of the body. Severe eczema can be complicated by skin infections. Childhood eczema may persist for several years or return after the child is older. Persons suffering from childhood eczema may develop another allergic condition later, most often hay fever or asthma.
Cause and Treatment. Eczema is sometimes caused by an allergic sensitivity to foods such as milk, fish, or eggs. Inhalant allergens such as dust and pollens rarely cause eczema. Treatment involves the use of soothing baths, moisturizing creams, topical steroids, and oral antihistamines to alleviate itching. See also allergy.
eczema herpe´ticum disseminated herpes simplex (see kaposi's varicelliform eruption).
eczema margina´tum tinea cruris.
eczema vaccina´tum disseminated vaccinia (see kaposi's varicelliform eruption).

ec·ze·ma

(ek'zĕ-mă, eg'zĕ-mă, eg-zē'mă), Avoid the mispronunciation ecze'ma and the misspellings exzema, ecxema, and other variants. Do not confuse this word with exemia.
Generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin, particularly with vesiculation in the acute stage, typically erythematous, edematous, papular, and crusting; followed often by lichenification and scaling and occasionally by duskiness of the erythema and, infrequently, hyperpigmentation; often accompanied by sensations of itching and burning; the vesicles form by intraepidermal spongiosis; often hereditary and associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma.
[G. fr. ekzeō, to boil over]

eczema

/ec·ze·ma/ (ek´zĕ-mah) a pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis characterized early by erythema, edema associated with a serous exudate in the epidermis and an inflammatory infiltrate in the dermis, oozing and vesiculation, and crusting and scaling; and later by lichenification, thickening, signs of excoriations, and altered pigmentation.eczem´atous
asteatotic eczema  xerotic e.
eczema herpe´ticum  Kaposi's varicelliform eruption due to infection with herpes simplex virus superimposed on a preexisting skin condition.
nummular eczema  that in which the patches are coin shaped; it may be a form of neurodermatitis.
xerotic eczema  erythema, dry scaling, fine cracking, and pruritus of the skin, occurring chiefly during the winter when low humidity in heated rooms causes excessive water loss from the stratum corneum.

eczema

(ĕk′sə-mə, ĕg′zə-, ĭg-zē′-)
n.
A noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter and become encrusted and scaly.

ec·zem′a·tous (ĕg-zĕm′ə-təs, -zē′mə-təs, ĭg-) adj.

eczema

[ek′simə]
Etymology: Gk, ekzein, to boil over
a general superficial dermatitis of unknown cause. In the early stage it may be pruritic, erythematous, papulovesicular, edematous, and weeping. Later it becomes crusted, scaly, thickened, or lichenified. Exacerbating factors include sudden temperature changes, humidity, psychological stress, illness, allergies, fibers, detergents, and perfumes. Eczema is not a distinct disease entity. See also atopic dermatitis, nummular dermatitis. eczematous, adj.
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Nummular eczema

eczema

Dermatology A generic term for a dermatopathy characterized by vesicle formation, papules and crusting overlying an erythematous rash, typically in areas of high concentration of sebaceous glands

ec·ze·ma

(ek'sĕ-mă)
Generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin, particularly with vesiculation in the acute stage, typically erythematous, edematous, papular, and crusting; followed often by lichenification and scaling and occasionally by duskiness of the erythema and, infrequently, hyperpigmentation; often accompanied by sensations of itching and burning; the vesicles form by intraepidermal spongiosis.
[G. fr. ekzeō, to boil over]

eczema

(eg-ze'ma, eg'ze-, ek'se-) [L. eczema, fr. Gr. ekzema, fr. ekzein, to boil out]
A general term for an itchy red rash that initially weeps or oozes serum and may become crusted, thickened, or scaly. Eczematous rash may result from various causes, including allergies, irritating chemicals, drugs, scratching or rubbing the skin, or sun exposure. It may be acute or chronic. The rash may become secondarily infected. See: dermatitis

Treatment

Avoiding the cause of the rash (such as a sun-sensitizing drug; the leaves of the poison oak plant; an irritating soap or perfume, wool clothing, etc) prevents recurrences and allows the skin to heal. Locally applied astringent solutions (such as Burow's solution), antihistamines, or corticosteroid ointments, tablets, or injections may relieve the inflammation.

Patient care

Patients are helped to identify and avoid allergens in their diet or environment. Clothing should be soft textured, preferably cotton, and washed in a mild detergent and rinsed thoroughly. Fingernails should be kept short to decrease damage from scratching. Antihistamines may help to reduce itching at night. Maintaining a room temperature below 72°F (22°C), using humidifiers during the winter, and bathing in tepid water help keep the skin hydrated and decrease itching. See: ;

asteatotic eczema

Winter itch.

dyshidrotic eczema

Pompholyx.

erythematous eczema

Dry, pinkish, ill-defined patches with itching and burning; slight swelling with tendency to spread and coalesce; branny scaling; roughness and dryness of skin. This type may become generalized.

eczema fissum

Eczema marked by a thick, dry, inelastic skin with cracks and fissures.

eczema herpeticum

Massive crops of vesicles that become pustular, occurring when herpes simplex virus infection occurs in a person, usually an infant, with pre-existing eczema. Synonym: Kaposi varicelliform eruption

lichenoid eczema

Eczema with thickening of the skin.

eczema madidans

Eczema marked by a raw, red surface covered with moisture.
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NUMMULAR ECZEMA

nummular eczema

Eczema with coin-shaped or oval lesions. It is often associated with dry skin and worsens in dry weather. See: illustration

pustular eczema

Follicular, impetiginous, or consecutive eczema including eczema rubrum, eczema madidans, eczema fissum, and squamous eczema .

eczema rubrum

Eczema marked by a red, glazed surface with little oozing.

seborrheic eczema

Eczema marked by excessive secretion from the sebaceous glands. Synonym: seborrhea

squamous eczema

Chronic eczema on the soles, legs, and scalp; marked by multiple circumscribed, infiltrated patches with thin, dry scales

eczema vaccinatum

The spreading of vaccinia virus to localized areas of skin, or to the entire body, in patients recently vaccinated against smallpox. This reaction is a rare complication of smallpox vaccination, occurring in about 40 per million of newly vaccinated individuals. It usually occurs in people with pre-existing eczema and is occasionally fatal.

vesicular eczema

Eczema accompanied by the formation of vesicles occurring on the hands or feet.

eczema

The effect of a number of different causes and a feature of many different kinds of skin inflammation (dermatitis). It features itching, scaly red patches and small fluid-filled blisters which burst, releasing serum, so that the skin becomes moist, ‘weeping’ and crusty.

eczema

a blistery skin rash usually due to an allergy.

Eczema

A superficial type of inflammation of the skin that may be very itchy and weeping in the early stages; later, the affected skin becomes crusted, scaly, and thick. There is no known cause.

eczema

generic term denoting acute or chronic pruritic skin inflammation, characterized by erythema, oedema, papular/vesicular/crusty eruptions, lichenification, scaling and sometimes hyperpigmentation and hyperaesthesiae; presentations include irritant, allergic contact (dermatitis), atopic (the most common form), venous and discoid variants; treated by identification and avoidance of sensitizing agents, topical emollients and anti-inflammatory (e.g. corticosteroid, ichthammol) preparations (see atopy; dermatitis)

eczema,

n a skin condition characterized by irritated, dry, and itchy skin. Although usually triggered by an external agent, internal conditions such as poor nutrition, digestion, and circulation; excessive mucus; food allergies; stress; and environmental toxins contribute to eczema.
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Eczema.

eczema

An inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by a rash of red spots, rough scaling, dryness and soreness of the skin sometimes leading to the formation of blisters. It often gives rise to itching or to a burning sensation. It may occur on the skin of the face where parts of spectacles rest. Frames should be cleaned regularly to avoid causing skin irritation. Syn. contact dermatitis.

ec·ze·ma

(ek'sĕ-mă)
Generic term for inflammatory skin conditions, particularly with vesiculation in acute stage, typically erythematous, edematous, papular, and crusting; followed often by lichenification and scaling and occasionally by dusky erythema; often hereditary and associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma.
[G. fr. ekzeō, to boil over]

eczema (ek´zəmə),

n an inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesiculation, inflammation, watery discharge, and the development of scales and crusts. The large variety of types can be distinguished according to location and causal agent.

eczema

1. a general term for any superficial inflammatory process involving primarily the epidermis, marked early by redness, itching, minute papules and vesicles, weeping, oozing and crusting, and later by scaling, lichenification and often pigmentation.
2. atopic dermatitis.

facial eczema
see facial eczema.
miliary eczema
see feline miliary dermatitis.
moist eczema
see acute moist dermatitis.
nasal eczema
see solar dermatitis. Called also Collie nose.
watery eczema
exudative epidermitis.

Patient discussion about eczema

Q. WHERE CAN I FIND A NATURAL TREATMENT FOR ECZEMA? I HAVE SUFFERED...I MEAN SUFFERED FROM SEVERE ECZEMA THAT LEAVES MY FACE SWOLLEN, BURNING, OOZING, ITCHY, DRY, CRACKED,STINGING. SOMETIMES MY FACE BLEEDS. I DARE NOT CRY BECAUSE TEARS HITS MY FACE LIKE BATTERY ACID. DOCTORS DO NOT HELP ME. THEY ONLY OFFER PREDNISONE AND THE SIDE EFFECTS ARE UNBEARABLE. SOMEONE,PLEASE HELP ME!!!!

A. I HAVE SEEN TWO PROMINENT ALLERGY SPECIALIST WHO GAVE ME A BATTERY OF SKIN PATCH TESTS AND THEY COULD NOT HELP ME. SO THEY JUST REFERRED ME BACK TO DERMATOLOGY WHERE THEY ONLY KNOW PREDISONE AS A THERAPY. I'M JUST GRATEFUL THAT SOMEONE CARES AND RESPONDED. I AM OPEN TO OTHER STRATEGIES. THANK YOU.

Q. do you have information or articles on skin eczema that is related to depression, especially in men?

A. If you are looking for professional articles, then here's one to start with:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18624873?ordinalpos=3&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

Q. Eczema tic itching leads making his skin reddish and abraded. My brothers eczema is very vulnerable to allergens. In spite of steps taken to eliminate this we have not succeeded much. His medicines do not help him. They cannot cure this immune disorder. They have started showing some side effects. His fight for eczema tic itching starts again once he stops his medicines. Eczema tic itching leads making his skin reddish and abraded. If any diet can help then please guide?

A. Though food can also trigger eczema symptoms. Thus you must avoid cow`s milk, eggs, shellfish. Avoid dusty areas, pollution. His doctor would have told about the allergens to be avoided just follow them. You can also make him have raw food. It’s said that they help reduce on the return of the symptoms. Use anything as natural as possible, like soaps, clothing and anything which is unnatural. This will help for the eczematic impact to reduce.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OUi3KAUCog&eurl=http://www.imedix.com/health_community/v6OUi3KAUCog_eczema_tips?q=eczema&feature=player_embedded

More discussions about eczema
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common form of the dry skin condition, called atopic eczema, is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
They found higher concentrations of faecal butyrate in healthy children, compared to those children that did develop eczema later in life.
OrganicO Moisturizer is intended to fit into the dermatologist-recommended daily management for eczema.
A previous study by Bristol University also found that children of parents with the highest standards of cleanliness were up to three times more likely to develop eczema.
They d or bullied," says Dr Anthony sultant dermatologist at Barts e of the reasons I became at was because I had eczema as l remember other kids being ing me names like 'leper'.
Emollients are the mainstay of managing eczema but are often underused.
He said the severe eczema could cause significant morbidity and
If left untreated, severe eczema can cause lichenification, which causes the skin to become thick and leathery.
Even when eczema is under control you need to use emollients to keep the skin moisturised and avoid dryness.
Children with eczema are prone to develop food allergies.
To begin with, eczema is of two types: exogenous and endogenous.
In industrialized countries, eczema has become two or three times more common in recent decades.