ecstasy


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ecstasy

(eks'tă-sē), Avoid the misspellings ecstacy and exstasy.
1. The popular name for 304 methylenedioxymethamphetamine.
2. A drug of abuse, used at clubs, raves, and rock concerts. This agent was first synthesized in Germany in the early 1900s and used during World War I to induce soldiers to charge from the line of trenches into the line of fire. It acts acutely to increase energy, provide a sense of camaraderie and attachment, increase sexual desire, and induce euphoria. Besides sexual side effects, produces increased heart rate, chills, seating, dehyration, and various strictly psychiatric symptoms. Dosages not much higher than recreational amounts can be toxic to serotonergic and other neurons. Long-term use associated with changes in serotonergic neurons may predispose an abuser to long-term psychiatric symptoms.
3. Mental exaltation, and/or a rapturous experience.

ecstasy

(ĕk′stə-sē)
n. pl. ecsta·sies
often Ecstasy Slang MDMA.

ecstasy

[ek′stəsē]
Etymology: Gk, ekstasis, derangement
1 an emotional state characterized by exultation, rapturous delight, or frenzy. Compare euphoria, mania. ecstatic, adj.
2 (informal) popular name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, a hallucinogenic drug of abuse. See also drug abuse.

ecstasy

Hug drug, love drug Substance abuse An oral designer analogue of amphetamine, a 'schedule I' controlled substance which may be fatal due to heat exhaustion and dehydration, combination with methadone, LSD, opiates–eg, heroin or Fentanyl, or anesthetics–eg, Ketamine; it is a popular 'recreational' drug of abuse, especially in a dance-party–see Rave–setting; at moderate doses, it causes euphoria, sense of well-being, enhanced mental or emotional clarity; at higher doses, hallucinations, sensations of lightness, depression, paranoid thinking, violent behavior Toxicity Serotonin neurotoxicity, sweating, dilated pupils, blurred vision, tachycardia, arrhythmias, fever, spasticity, hypotension, bronchospasm, acidosis, anorexia, N&V, HTN, faintness, chills, insomnia, convulsions, loss of voluntary muscle control, anxiety, or paranoia. See Designer drugs, 'Ice. ', Rave party. Cf Eve.

ec·sta·sy

(ek'stă-sē)
A drug of abuse used especially at clubs and raves; increases energy, heightens sexual urges, and induces euphoria. Even small recreational dosage can lead to hazardous reactions.

ecstasy

A popular name for the drug 3,4-methylene dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), a hallucinogenic amphetamine with effects that are a combination of those of LSD and amphetamine (amfetamine). Ecstasy is widely used to promote an appropriate state of mind at ‘rave’ all-night dance session, but the combination of strenuous physical exercise and the direct toxic effect of the drug has led to a number of deaths in young people. Such death result from an uncontrolled rise in body temperature (hyperthermia), kidney failure, muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis) and sometimes liver failure. Urgent measures to reduce body core temperature can save life. The drug can also precipitate a persistent paranoid PSYCHOSIS. Claims that ecstasy can damage the dopamine system of the brain and cause Parkinson's disease have been discredited.

ec·sta·sy

(ek'stă-sē)
A drug of abuse, used at clubs, raves, and rock concerts.
References in periodicals archive ?
They found that the neuropsychologic test abnormalities associated with ecstasy use were most pronounced in people who were homozygous for the methionine or met allele.
Ecstasy is dangerous because it can cause overheating, which is particularly likely to happen when people take Ecstasy to increase their energy level when dancing.
The 2001 report from the National Drug Intelligence Center counted 52 Web sites providing information on the production, sale, or use of Ecstasy, GHB, or LSD.
Asking questions such as how difficult young people find it to follow a television storyline or whether they forget to pass a message on to someone, the study found ecstasy users were 23pc more likely to report problems than non-users.
Whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) protect Ecstasy users against this permanent neurotoxicity is a hot debate topic among neuroscientists.
Ecstasy is the most common street name for a synthesized chemical, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), which was originally patented in 1914 by German chemists working for Merck.
Ecstasy and other so-called club drugs emerged from the underground rave scene.
We would like to add perspective to your coverage of data presented by Thelma Schilt from the Netherlands XTC Toxicity Study about the use of ecstasy and cognition ("Minimal Ecstasy Use Linked to Cognitive Deficits," January 2008, p.
The combination of Ecstasy and methamphetamine can have severe health consequences, especially as each drug induces toxic effects on the brain.