echinulate


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e·chin·u·late

(e-kin'yū-lāt),
Prickly or spinous. Covered with small spines.
Synonym(s): echinate
[Mod. L. echinulus, dim. of L. echinus, hedgehog]

echinulate

having small spikes or prickles.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 mm long, thick, oblong-cylindrical, shiny, yellow, orange or reddish, often appressed; sori round, indusiate, the indusia reniform, light brown to blackish, attached by a sinus; sporangia stalks glabrous or with a colored gland, the gland oblong-cylindrical; annulus of 14-17 indurated cells; spores monolete, achlorophyllous, the perispores finely echinulate, folded, the folds long, uninterrupted.
Subgenus Rhopalotricha has broadly folded perispores with the folds uninterrupted and finely echinulate surfaces.
The species has echinulate spores, a character that will separate it from all other species in the Andes except those in the "pulverulentum clade" (unpublished molecular results).