eccrine sweat gland

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eccrine sweat gland

Any of the skin glands that regulate body heat by secreting sweat. The number of glands ranges from 2 million to 5 million. There are over 400 per square centimeter on the palms and about 80 per square centimeter on the thighs.
See: sweat gland for illus
See also: gland


the excretion of the sweat (sudoriparous) glands of the skin; perspiration. Sweating produces an evaporative cooling of the body, the importance varying between species, and also serves an excretory function. Substances eliminated in sweat include water, sodium chloride and small amounts of urea, lactic acid and potassium ions. In humans the ability to lose heat by sweating is much greater than that in domestic animals. Cattle have a high sweat rate (150 g/m2/h at 40°C), sheep lose less (32 g/m2/h) and dogs lose an insignificant amount. Horses probably have the highest sweat rate of all.
Excessive sweating is called diaphoresis, hyperhidrosis.

atrichial sweat gland
see sweat glands (below).
eccrine sweat gland
called also atrichial sweat gland; see sweat glands (below).
sweat fly
Morrelia aenescens, M. hortorum, M. simplex.
sweat glands
the glands that secrete sweat, situated in the corium or subcutaneous tissue, and opening by a duct on the surface of the body. They are of two types: (1) the ordinary or eccrine sweat glands are unbranched, coiled, tubular glands that promote cooling by evaporation of their secretion. They are innervated by cholinergic nerve fibers; (2) the apocrine sweat glands are large, branched, specialized glands that empty into the upper portion of a hair follicle instead of directly onto the skin surface, and have no secretory innervation but are sensitive to epinephrine in the bloodstream. Called also sudoriferous, or sudoriparous, glands.
paratrichial sweat gland
see apocrine sweat gland.
sweat scraper
a semicircular band of metal with a handle to be dragged over a horse's skin like a squeegee to remove excess moisture quickly.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glucose metabolism of the isolated eccrine sweat gland.
As mentioned earlier, chondroid syringomas may originate either from apocrine or eccrine sweat glands, or they may evolve from entrapped ectopic cell rests of embrylogic origin stimulated to proliferate by an unknown factor.
The skin contains between two and five million eccrine sweat glands which produce thin, salty sweat.
The skin contains some 2- 5 million eccrine sweat glands which produce thin, salty sweat.
Nearly 10% of epithelial cells in the basal glandular coil of eccrine sweat glands were infected, and 4.
Human skin is rich with millions of eccrine sweat glands that help your body cool down after a trip to the gym or on a warm day.
Histopathology revealed a polypoid mass lined with keratinized squamous epithelium overlying thickened fibrovascular tissue containing abortive pilosebaceous units and profiles of eccrine sweat glands and ducts (figure 2).