eastern equine encephalitis


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Related to eastern equine encephalitis: West Nile virus, Western equine encephalitis

Eastern equine encephalitis

n. Abbr. EEE
Encephalitis that is caused by a mosquito-borne virus and affects humans, horses, and some bird species. It occurs in small epidemics in the eastern United States and is seen in other parts of North and South America.

eastern equine encephalitis

Eastern equine encephalitis

A rare, sporadic, and aggressive enzootic infection by a single-stranded RNA Togavirus that primarily affects birds Vector Ornithophilic mosquito, Culiseta melanura, largely confined to the Northeast US, especially Massachusetts; infection of horses and humans is an accidental 'dead-end', occurring when the virus is transmitted to other mosquitoes–eg, Aedes vexans, Aedes sollicitans, Coquillitidia perturbans; ± 5 human cases/yr in the US–Clinical Meningismus, lethargy, stupor, high fever, spinal pleocytosis Prognosis 30-70% mortality; severe neurologic sequelae. Cf St Louis equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis.

eastern equine encephalitis

Encephalitis caused by the eastern equine arbovirus, which is transmitted from horses to humans by mosquitoes; the incubation period is 1 to 2 weeks. Although this is the least common of the arboviruses, mortality is approx. 25%, and those who survive often have neurological problems. In the U.S. it occurs on the East Coast, Gulf Coast, and in the Great Lakes region during the mosquito season from midsummer to early fall.
See also: encephalitis
References in periodicals archive ?
The girl's parents are worried because of reports of 2 confirmed cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in the state during the past 3 weeks.
States like Florida that monitor the development of mosquito-borne diseases through sentinel chickens are seeing an upsurge in the detection of Eastern Equine Encephalitis across the state, and in many areas that are not usually affected.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and Dog Heartworm -- both spread by mosquitoes -- also pose a significant and continued threat this coming year.
South Florida experienced several cases of malaria and Virginians as well as Texans had to contend with Eastern Equine Encephalitis, both transmitted by mosquitoes.
To Uxbridge citizens who voted against joining the Central Massachusetts Mosquito Control Project at town meeting: West Nile virus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis and other diseases are carried by mosquitoes in southeastern Massachusetts.
During the past 6 years, eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV; family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus) has reemerged in the northeastern United States and resulted in 26 human cases of infection and 9 deaths (ArboNET; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA).
And mosquitoes are not only an annoyance; they are also the carriers of West Nile Virus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, and dog heartworm.
GeoMedia WebMap will be used to provide a public service to easily locate mosquito control programs throughout the state and provide real-time mapping of the West Nile Virus, eastern equine encephalitis, St.
Because of the threat of eastern equine encephalitis and the West Nile virus, the Friday Night Football Frenzy on Charter TV 3 is a little less frenzied this fall.
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV; family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus) is an arbovirus that causes severe neurologic disease in humans in North America and in equids throughout the Americas (1).
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and Dog Heartworm -- both spread by mosquitoes -- also pose a significant and continued threat this coming year and recent reports from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) state that widespread appearance of Dengue Fever in the continental United States is a real possibility.
An increase in West Nile virus and Eastern equine encephalitis infections in Central Massachusetts has prompted the early evening closure of public land and athletic fields in several towns and school systems.

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