We don't have population-level data in the US on HIV and syphilis coinfection, but results of studies in different locales indicate that rates of HIV coinfection among people with early syphilis
are anywhere between 20% and 70%.
Important measures in controlling the ongoing spread of syphilis include testing and treating those with clinical manifestations of early syphilis
(primary and secondary syphilis) or those who are asymptomatic with early syphilis
(early latent syphilis).
This is unfortunate because recognition of the clinical signs and symptoms of early syphilis
is often needed to prompt the physician to order a blood test.
By the rime penicillin became a standard treatment for early syphilis
in the 1940's, most of the Study's participants had late stage syphilis.
5%) in reported cases of early syphilis
between 1947 and 1952.
These available drugs boast high safety and efficacy profiles, and are able to satisfy the needs of patients with early syphilis
1) Across the world, researchers estimate that 50% to 60% of MSM with early syphilis
Since 2006, an increase in early syphilis
was documented, first in men who have sex with men infected with HIV and second in the general population.
Cases of early syphilis
in this population are often not identified, so a higher index of suspicion is needed among clinicians.
CHICAGO -- A single 2-g dose of azithromycin cures early syphilis
as effectively as injected penicillin G benzathine.
According to an LA County Department of Health Services STD Surveillance Report released in June, Los Angeles County saw a 40% increase in reported cases in 2005 -- 1,217 early syphilis
cases reported to County health officials in 2005, up from 865 cases in 2004.
Treatment of early syphilis
(primary, secondary, and early latent) of longer than 2 years' duration requires benzathine penicillin G 2.