dysreflexia


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dysreflexia

 [dis″re-flek´se-ah]
a condition of disordered response to stimuli.
autonomic dysreflexia
1. an uninhibited and exaggerated response of the autonomic nervous system to stimulation, as seen in many patients with high spinal cord injuries; see also autonomic dysreflexia.
2. a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a life-threatening uninhibited sympathetic response of the nervous system to a noxious stimulus after a spinal cord injury at T7 or above.

dysreflexia

(dĭs′rĭ-flĕk′sē-ə)
n.
Abnormally increased or decreased response to physiologic stimuli.

dys·re·flex·i·a

(dis'rē-flek'sē-ă)
A condition of disordered or inappropriate responses to stimuli.
[dys- + reflex + -ia]

dysreflexia

(dĭs″rē′flĕks-ē-ă)
The state in which an individual with a spinal cord injury at T-7 or above experiences a life-threatening uninhibited sympathetic response of the nervous system to a noxious stimulus.
References in periodicals archive ?
I have patients who I tell them, 'Go to the PVA website, download the pamphlet, and when the paramedics come in because you're having autonomic dysreflexia, give them that and take it to the emergency room with you,' " Martinez says.
Autonomic dysreflexia as a complication of a fecal management system in a man with tetraplegia.
Autonomic dysreflexia, a medical emergency that must be recognized immediately, is a distinct type of autonomic dysfunction seen in patients with spinal cord injury at or above the T6 level.
No differences were found in the proportions of those with urinary tract infections, autonomic dysreflexia, pulmonary embolism and postural hypotension between the two groups (Table 3).
The effects of BTX on his bladder were not immediate, but while he was under close monitoring and blood pressure control as an inpatient, his overactivity and dysreflexia were eventually eliminated.
An inclusive educational program must provide knowledge and understanding of nutrition, hydration, clean catheterization, dysreflexia, hypotension, skin inspections, pressure relief, and signs and symptoms of pressure ulcers and urinary tract infections (Lyder & Ayello, 2008; McKinley et al.
He also said, "A spinal cord injury at the upper part of the spinal cord can also lead to autonomic dysreflexia, which is a potentially life-threatening condition.
5) These drugs had a success rate of about 58% but also had severe side-effects, including autonomic dysreflexia (AD), cerebral haemorrhage and death.
Officially, the cause of death was "intraparenchymal cerebral hemorrhage, due to recurrent secondary hypertension, due to autonomic dysreflexia, due to cervical spinal cord injury, all due to gunshot wound to neck," according to the medical examiner.
An autonomic nervous system condition common to patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) is autonomic dysreflexia (AD).
Boosting uses self-inflicted injuries to trigger autonomic dysreflexia, a condition that's considered a medical emergency when it happens by accident.
Patients with neurogenic bladder commonly have chronic bacteriuria and recurrent UTIs, and thus generally require a combination of bacteriuria and leukocyturia - as well as clinical symptoms or an increase in autonomic dysreflexia - for the initiation of empirical UTI therapy.