Hydroquinone (HQ), a phenolic compound, blocks the conversion of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) to melanin through inhibiting tyrosinase7 and reduces dyschromia
through melanocyte downregulation, prevention of melanosome production, and reduction of melanin transfer to keratinocytes.
3) Laboratory testing distinguishes between residual dyschromia
or other noninfectious sequelae and persistent infection.
Melasma is a common dyschromia
that often motivates the search for dermatological care.
DRMA[degrees]Bright Complex with its antiA[degrees]pigmentation action acts on vascular and pigmentary dyschromia
reducA[degrees]ing dark circles, while Vitamin CG smoothens wrinkles.
Focusing on ultra-thin ceramic restorations, Dr Stefan Koubi (France) emphasised that keeping some of the dyschromia
and working closely with the technician to achieve the ideal colour match was key.
The clinical features of onychomycosis (Table 1) include nail bed hyperkeratosis with subsequent separation of the nail plate from the nail bed (onycholysis), the presence of subungual debris, and nail plate dyschromia
35-38) Chemical peels can be used on patients with darker skin, but caution is required to avoid dyschromia
To improve texture, she recommended retinoids and alpha hydroxy acids; to improve hydration, include humectants and occlusive agents; and to correct dyschromia
, a formulation should contain melanogenesis inhibitors, retinoids, L-ascorbic acid, vasoconstrictors and anti-inflammatory agents.
In the recovery phase, which lasts from 3-10 days, the skin will undergo re-epithelization, and dyschromia
They included pruritus, dyschromia
(hypo or hyperpigmentation at the site of treatment) and scar formation.
Ache is commonly associated with postinflammatory hyperpigmentation in patients of color, which often can be more bothersome to patients than are the ache lesions that caused the dyschromia
The nice advantage is that our clients can come in and get fascinating results; the satisfaction levels are high, it allows for far lower collateral thermal damage and a considerable reduction in patient pain and complications, plus the fact that it is highly effective on all skin problems, whether it is scars, acne scars, fine lines, texture, dyschromia
or deep wrinkles," added Rashkidi.