dysarthria


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dysarthria

 [dis-ahr´thre-ah]
imperfect articulation of speech due to disturbances of muscular control resulting from central or peripheral nervous system damage.

dys·ar·thri·a

(dis-ar'thrē-ă),
A disturbance of speech due to emotional stress, to brain injury, or to paralysis, incoordination, or spasticity of the muscles used for speaking.
Synonym(s): dysarthrosis (1)
[dys- + G. arthroō, to articulate]

dysarthria

/dys·ar·thria/ (dis-ahr´thre-ah) a speech disorder caused by disturbances of muscular control because of damage to the central or peripheral nervous system.

dysarthria

(dĭs-är′thrē-ə)
n.
Difficulty in articulating words, caused by impairment of the muscles used in speech.

dysarthria

[disär′thrē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, dys + arthroun, to articulate
difficult, poorly articulated speech, resulting from interference in the control and execution over the muscles of speech usually caused by damage to a central or peripheral motor nerve.

dysarthria

A generic term for any speech disorder caused by an alteration of strength and control of speech muscles due to damage to the brain or nerves. Dysarthria may indicate increased posterior fossa pressure on the brainstem/medulla oblongata.
 
Clinical findings
Difficulty in speaking or forming words.

dysarthria

Neurology A group of speech disorders caused by disturbances in the strength or coordination of speech muscles due to damage to the brain or nerves; dysarthria may indicate ↑ posterior fossa pressure on the brainstem/medulla oblongata Clinical Difficulty in speaking or forming words. See Speech pathology.

dys·ar·thri·a

(dis-ahr'thrē-ă)
A disturbance of speech due to paralysis, incoordination, or spasticity of the muscles used for speaking.
Synonym(s): dysarthrosis (1) .
[dys- + G. arthroō, to articulate]

dysarthria

Inability to speak normally because of loss of functional control over the muscles of the tongue, lips, cheeks or larynx. This usually results from neurological disorder such as STROKE.

dys·ar·thri·a

(dis-ahr'thrē-ă)
A disturbance of speech due to emotional stress or other causes.
[dys- + G. arthroō, to articulate]

dysarthria (disärth´rēə),

n a speech impediment brought on by emotional distress, paralysis, or muscle spasticity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared with other characteristics associated with dysarthria, there is less agreement about how to assess muscle tone in orofacial musculature [3].
A 21-year-old woman with a history of gravida 3, para 2, and abortus 0 was presented to the emergency department with acute left hemiparesis, dysarthria, and anosognosia.
The range of student research she has supervised in medical music therapy during the past 13 years is also noteworthy and includes the clinical areas of: oncology, dementia, medically fragile infants, stroke, pregnancy, premature infants, babies with neonatal abstinence syndrome, acquired dysarthria, and palliative care.
Comparison of major symptoms and signs of scorpionism, latrodectism and neurotoxic cobra bite Symptoms and signs of Scorpionism Latrodectism Neurotoxic envenomation cobra bite Local symptoms and (+) + ++ signs Degree of local physical ++++ + ++ signs (bite or stingsite) Local pain + +++ + Regional lymph nodes, pain and swelling Systemic symptoms and ++(+) ++++ - signs Generalised muscular +(+) +++ - pain Muscle tone: ++++ + - extremities, abdomen and chest Paraesthesia, ++++ - +++ hyperaesthesia Dysphagia, dysarthria, ++++ ++ + Involuntary movements, ++++ * ++ - tremor, fasciculations Hyperactivity, +++ ++ - restlessness Stretch reflexes - - ++++ Flaccid paralysis +++ * - ++++ Difficulty in breathing, (+) - ++++ requiring vent.
There are four measures in the MSFC designed to asses: 1) arm movement from a 9-hole peg test, 2) ambulation from a timed 25-foot walk, 3) a speech test because of the potential to develop dysarthria, and 4) a vision test because of the possibility of visual atrophy.
b) A mixed dysarthria with ataxic and spastic elements may be present in MSA
His speech was dysarthria Short term memory was moderately impaired and MMSE revealed a low score of 7/30.
Other clinical features include secondary motor symptoms (eg, hypomimia, dysarthria, dysphagia, sialorrhoea, micrographia, shuffling gait, festination, freezing, dystonia, glabellar reflexes), non-motor symptoms (eg, autonomic dysfunction, cognitive/neurobehavioral abnormalities, sleep disorders and sensory abnormalities such as anosmia, paresthesias and pain).
Despite therapy, he abruptly developed dysarthria and fear of death.
Methyl mercury poisoning typically causes ataxia (inability to walk) and dysarthria (difficulty with speech), along with tremors, muscle spasms and pain, and weakness.
They include chapters on the professions of speech-language pathology and audiology, communication across the lifespan, social and multicultural issues, deafness, dysarthria, dysphagia, and approaches to assessment and intervention.
In addition, their covered services are directed specifically to the child's "need" for an SGD: to treat severe communication impairments, such as dysarthria, apraxia, and severe expressive communication disorder.