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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are two difficulties for this way of construing our duties to ensure that people have minimally adequate supplies.
The court explained that the performance of clerical duties incidental to one's practice or the fact that one still earned money from one's business would not prevent one from being totally disabled.
For the average person, duties and rights seem like two contrary and incompatible ideas.
These regulatory duties are in addition to up to 20pc customs duties rates that the federal government charges on their imports.
After imposition of new duties, the firearms have attracted lower duties (20%) than fruits and juices that have been slapped with 50% regulatory duties.
In the last 20 years, various outbreaks of severe infectious diseases, from Ebola virus infection to SARS, have highlighted the need for a more precise account of the duties and obligations of healthcare professionals.
One of the central duties of a fiduciary is to act prudently.
law means that the lumber imports are not subject to duties.
One counselor stated,</p> <pre> As a counselor, I am often placed in a position to do duties that I was not trained for as a school counselor.
Although security work poses obvious risks to the mother or unborn child, employers cannot require reassigned duties even if their other conditions of employment (e.
In the same vein, American legislators have reported they will phase out the contentious Byrd Amendment, which allows the government to transfer duties collected at the border directly to U.
Fiduciary relationships involve duties of trust and confidence.