duodenum


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Related to duodenum: pancreas, duodenitis

duodenum

 [doo″o-de´num]
the first or proximal portion of the small intestine, about 25 cm (10 inches) long, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum. It plays an important role in digestion of food because both the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty into it. It is subject to various disorders, the most common of which are peptic ulcers and obstruction due to dilatation of the intestine and stasis of the duodenal contents. The duodenum also may be the site of diverticula, fistulas, and occasionally tumors. See also digestive system.

du·o·de·num

, gen.

du·o·de·ni

, pl.

du·o·de·na

(dū'ō-dē'nŭm, dū-od'ĕ-nŭm; -od'ĕ-nă, -dē'nă), [TA] Although the correct classical pronunciation of this word stresses the second-last syllable (duode'num), the third-to-last syllable is often stressed in the U.S. (duod'enum).
The first division of the small intestine, about 25 cm or 12 fingerbreadths (hence the name) long, extending from the pylorus to the junction with the jejunum at the level of the first or second lumbar vertebra on the left side. It is divided into the superior part, the first part of which is the duodenal cap, the descending part, into which the bile and pancreatic ducts open, the horizontal (inferior) part and the ascending part, terminating at the duodenojejunal junction.
[Mediev. L. fr. L. duodeni, twelve]

duodenum

/du·o·de·num/ (doo″o-de´num) the first or proximal portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum.duode´nal

duodenum

(do͞o′ə-dē′nəm, dyo͞o′-, do͞o-ŏd′n-əm, dyo͞o-)
n. pl. duodena (do͞o′ə-dē′nə, dyo͞o′-, do͞o-ŏd′n-ə, dyo͞o-) or duodenums
The beginning portion of the small intestine, starting at the lower end of the stomach and extending to the jejunum.

du′o·de′nal (do͞o′ə-dē′nəl, dyo͞o′-, do͞o-ŏd′n-əl, dyo͞o-) adj.

duodenum

[do̅o̅′ədē′nəm, do̅o̅·od′inəm] pl. duodena, duodenums
Etymology: L, duodeni, 12 fingers
the shortest, widest, and most fixed portion of the small intestine, taking an almost circular course from the pyloric valve of the stomach so that its termination is close to its starting point. It is about 25 cm long and is divided into superior, descending, horizontal, and ascending portions. The superior portion extends from the pylorus to the neck of the gallbladder. The descending portion extends from the neck of the gallbladder at the level of the first lumbar vertebra to the cranial border of the fourth lumbar vertebra. The horizontal portion passes from right to left, from the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra to the diaphragm. The ascending portion rises on the left side of the aorta to the level of the second lumbar vertebra, turning ventrally to become the jejunum at the duodenojejunal flexure. Compare jejunum, ileum.
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Duodenum

du·o·de·num

, pl. duodena (dūō-dēnŭm, -nă) [TA]
The first division of the small intestine, about 25 cm in length, extending from the pylorus to the junction with the jejunum at the level of the first or second lumbar vertebra on the left side. It is divided into the superior part, the first part of which is the duodenal cap, the descending part, into which the bile and pancreatic ducts open; the horizontal (inferior) part; and the ascending part, terminating at the duodenojejunal junction.
[Mediev. L. fr. L. duodeni, twelve]

duodenum

The C-shaped first part of the small intestine into which the stomach empties. The ducts from the GALL BLADDER and PANCREAS enter the duodenum. The duodenum is said to be 12 finger-breadths long-hence the name.

duodenum

that part of the SMALL INTESTINE connecting the stomach to the ileum. It is about 25 cm long in man. The wall is highly folded internally with microscopic projections called VILLI, which increase the surface area for digestion and absorption. Within the wall are BRUNNER'S GLANDS and PANETH CELLS which, together with secretions from the pancreas entering the duodenum via the bile duct, produce a whole range of enzymes to complete digestion.

Duodenum

The first of the three segments of the small intestine. The duodenum connects the stomach and the jejunum. Most peptic ulcers are in the duodenum.

du·o·de·num

, pl. duodena (dūō-dēnŭm, -nă) [TA]
The first division of the small intestine, about 25 cm in length, extending from the pylorus to the junction with the jejunum at the level of the first or second lumbar vertebra on the left side.
[Mediev. L. fr. L. duodeni, twelve]

duodenum

(doo´ədē´nəm),
n the first, shortest, and most fixed portion of the small intestine. The duodenum courses from the pyloric valve of the stomach and terminates in a junction with the jejunum at the duodenojejunal flexure.

duodenum

the first or proximal portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum. It plays an important role in digestion of food because the bile and pancreatic ducts empty into it. See also digestive system.

Patient discussion about duodenum

Q. What is the difference between duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcer? I was diagnosed recently with duodenal ulcer. I heard the term stomach ulcer but not duodenal. What causes duodenal and what cause stomach ulcer? And how do they treat duodenal ulcer?

A. The duodenum is right after the stomach. They are both (as published a few years back) caused 90% of the time from a bacteria named helicobacter pylori. Hence the treatment for it is probably antibiotics. But I guess that should be your doctor’s call. Good luck!

More discussions about duodenum
References in periodicals archive ?
As expected, LPS challenge increased the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1[beta], IL-6 in the duodenum and jejunum, and [PGE.
When FL involves the GI tract, the duodenum is most often affected (89%), while other non--small intestinal portions such as the esophagus (0%), stomach (2%), and colon (1%) are rarely involved.
In patients who have had a prior sphincterotomy, the degree of dilation may be negligible, as the pancreatic secretions fow into the duodenum without ampullary resistance.
A ventral mesentery only exists in the terminal part of the oesophagus, stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum.
The literature suggests that kocherization (mobilization) of the duodenum should be performed to allow full examination of the duodenum to rule out multiple perforations [1, 2, 4, 7, 9].
We found it difficult to estimate the correct position of the tube in the duodenum, a retroperitoneal organ, but we could often feel weak bubbling around the umbilicus (Figure 2).
Diabetes resolved in 28 of 30 (93%) patients who underwent gastric bypass that prevented contact between ingested food and the duodenum, compared with only 14 of 30 (47%) who underwent sleeve gastrectomy that did not prevent such contact.
3) We found only one reported CMV-induced pseudotumour of the duodenum and 14 CMV-induced gastrointestinal pseudotumours.
Presented here is a version of an artificial stomach at considerably less cost that will demonstrate digestion of proteins in the stomach and duodenum, albeit without the vomit.
Bouveret syndrome is characterized by the migration of a gallstone through a cholecystenteric fistula into the proximal duodenum resulting in gastric outlet obstruction.
Spasmolytic test employing the rat duodenum model was performed to investigate the effect of crude extracts (methanolic, ethyl acetate and chloroformic extracts) and pure compounds (Bakkenolide and reference drug Alverine) on the contraction of the duodenum induced by acetylcholine and barium chloride (Lubna el al.
Many nutrients are absorbed in the intestinal tract extending from the duodenum to ileum.