with or without cytologyexamination brushings is performed in a few centers.
9 MRI and ductoscopy
have been used, but have been used in limited center.
Breast health awareness, is a given in this country, however, many insurance companies do not normally cover mammary ductoscopy
procedures for early detection.
Novel modalities such as ductoscopy
and galactography promise to allow better preoperative testing for the presence of DCIS, especially when associated to traditional radiological tests.
Management of papillomas is surgical with either microdochectomy or subareolar duct excision, although fibreoptic ductoscopy
with biopsy and excision is performed in some specialist centres.
Individual chapters address patient preparation, instrumentation, galactography and ductoscopy
, and sentinel node biopsy.
Stefan Paepke began investigating the scientific and clinical potential of autofluorescence ductoscopy
for use in small-lumen endoscopy.
SAN ANTONIO -- Mammary ductoscopy
may provide the missing link that renders ductal lavage more clinically relevant, Dr.
This brochure introduces this system, its components, and its applications, which range from mammary ductoscopy
to spinal visualization.
Workup may include endocrinologic testing, mammography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, ductography, ductoscopy
, and cytology.
of California, San Diego) and an international group of practitioners explain techniques used in laparoscopic surgery of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts, accessory organs, and retroperitoneum, as well as aortic aneurysms, breast ductoscopy
, and the evaluation of abdominal trauma.