Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.




Reduced sweat production
I Inherited conditions, eg hereditary anhydrotic ectodermal dysplasia, ichthyosis, or angiokeratoma corporis diffusum universale
II Acquired conditions
 Collagen vascular diseases–-Sjögren syndrome, progressive systemic sclerosis
 Dermatopathies–Miliaria profunda, pemphigus vulgaris, psoriasis
 Drugs Anticholinergics, eg atropine, scopolamine; ganglionic blockers
 Endocrinopathies Diabetes insipidus, hypothyroidism, hypothalamic lesions
 Environmental stress Heat stroke and dehydration
Peripheral neuropathy Alcohol, amyloidosis, DM, Horner syndrome, leprosy  


Benign enlargement of ♂ breast that most commonly affects boys and adolescents, often regresses at puberty; it is usually due to a proliferation of glandular component; may occur in Klinefelter syndrome or after malnutrition Age-related peaks
1. Perinatal, in 60-90% of ♂ at birth, due to transplacental passage of estrogens.
2. Pubertal, up to 70%, depending on stringency of definition.
3. Involutional, age 50-80% Treatment Clomiphene, tamoxifen, testolactone, surgery. See Adolescent gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia Etiology
Endocrinopathy Orchitis, hypogonadism–androgen deficiency, androgen resistance, tumors/hyperplasia of adrenal gland, testes, eg Leydig cell tumor–↑ hCG, lung CA, Klinefelter syndrome–↑ risk of breast CA and thyroid hyperplasia
Drugs α-methyldopa, amphetamine, androgens, benzodiazepines, cimetidine, chemotherapeutics, digitalis, INH, marijuana, penicillamine, phenothiazine, reserpine, spironolactone, tricyclic antidepressants
Other conditions Starvation diet–mechanism: testicular, hepatic hypofunction or on resuming feeding, hemodialysis, liver disease–cirrhosis, hepatomas, hemochromatosis, due to ↓ hepatic metabolism of estrogens, mycosis fungoides, myotonic dystrophy with spastic paraplegia, leprosy
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 2: Pediatric Drugs Pipeline By Select Disease Areas
Although this study didn't focus specifically on high-cost drugs, the majority of specialty drugs treat chronic illness, with most members on multiple medications.
Which harms and prevention messages are the most important to emphasize, taking into account seventh and eighth graders' likely exposure to these drugs and their developmental stage?
Taken together, data obtained from the Taiwan Surveillance of Drug Resistance in Tuberculosis and those reported previously show that rates of combined resistance to any drugs and multiple drugs has declined in Taiwan.
Used at certain dosage levels in certain forms at certain times, prescription drugs are safe and effective.
The problem with the drug industry, as Critser and others see it, is that its marketing techniques are leading too many Americans to take one of the following: a risky drug for a relatively mild condition; a more expensive drug when a cheaper, equally effective one would do; a drug for a condition that would be better treated in other ways; or a potentially dangerous combination of drugs.
If finalized, the guidance could call for substantially more testing of new drugs than has been demanded thus far.
For the time being, access to these lifesaving drugs depends on the tiny percentage of the population legally empowered to dole them out.
It also became evident that these drugs came with their own set of side effects.
But in developing countries, many women don't receive any medical attention during pregnancy or don't have access to HIV drugs.