drug eruption


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eruption

 [e-rup´shun]
1. the act of breaking out, appearing, or becoming visible, as eruption of the teeth.
2. visible efflorescent lesions of the skin due to disease, with redness, prominence, or both; a rash. adj., adj erup´tive.
creeping eruption
1. a peculiar eruption that appears to migrate, due to burrowing beneath the skin by certain larvae; it has the appearance of subcutaneous tunnels that are red and vesicular at the advancing end and dry and encrusted at older portions.
drug eruption an adverse cutaneous reaction produced by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug, which may produce various morphologic patterns and types of lesions; called also dermatitis medicamentosa.
Kaposi's varicelliform eruption a generalized and serious vesiculopustular eruption of viral origin, superimposed on preexisting atopic dermatitis; it may be due to the herpes simplex virus (eczema herpeticum) or vaccinia (eczema vaccinatum).

drug e·rup·tion

any eruption caused by the ingestion, injection, or inhalation of a drug, most often the result of allergic sensitization; reactions to drugs applied to the cutaneous surface are not generally designated as drug eruption, but as contact-type dermatitis.

drug eruption

See drug rash.

drug e·rup·tion

(drŭg ē-rŭp'shŭn)
Any eruption caused by the ingestion, injection, or inhalation of a drug, most often the result of allergic sensitization; reactions to drugs applied to the cutaneous surface are not generally designated as drug eruptions, but as contact-type dermatitis.
Synonym(s): dermatitis medicamentosa, dermatosis medicamentosa, drug rash.
Enlarge picture
DRUG ERUPTION

drug eruption

Dermatitis produced in some patients by application or ingestion of drugs. Drug rashes usually appear on the trunk (chest and back). See: illustration
See also: eruption

drug eruption

any skin eruption induced by injection, inhalation or ingestion of a drug, usually as the result of allergic sensitization (note: not contact dermatitis due to topical application)

drug e·rup·tion

(drŭg ē-rŭp'shŭn)
Dermatologic reaction caused by ingestion, injection, or inhalation of a drug, most often the result of allergic sensitization.

drug

1. any medicinal substance.
2. a narcotic.
3. to administer a drug.

drug administration
includes aerosol, oral, transtracheal infusion, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, intrauterine, intraperitoneal, intra-articular, intramammary, intrathecal, subconjunctival, percutaneous, percutaneous intraruminal, gas inhalation. Mass medication is per feed or drinking water or, in the case of captive fish, in the tank water. For feral animals individual dosing by projectile dart is usual, for group therapy administration by bait is possible.
drug allergy
immune-mediated hypersensitivity to a drug molecule. Includes anaphylaxis, cutaneous reaction.
animal drug
a drug specifically tested for, and recommended for use in, animals. A legal point of importance if an animal dies as a result of an unusual or allergic reaction to medication with a drug not licensed for use in animals.
drug augmented swine dysentery
pigs receiving prophylactic medication are more severely affected than untreated pigs.
bactericidal/bacteriostatic drug
drug binding
binding of a drug to a large molecule in the tissues or fluids, e.g. binding to protein in the blood, may affect the metabolism of the drug, especially its rate of excretion.
chemotherapeutic drug
drug combinations
a pharmaceutical strategy of combining several drugs into one formulation to provide for a specific requirement, e.g. an antibiotic combined with an anti-inflammatory agent in a mastitis ointment. Has the disadvantage that the dose of one drug is determined by the dose of the other.
controlled drug
availability and use of the drug is controlled by law. The control is at various levels of severity depending on the degree of danger associated with the uncontrolled use of each drug.
drug delayed swine dysentery
swine dysentery appears several days after treatment is discontinued.
drug delayed-augmented swine dysentery
after successful treatment during an attack of swine dysentery a more severe form of the disease occurs after treatment ceases.
drug diminished swine dysentery
the disease is reduced in severity as a result of treatment but is not eliminated.
drug eruption
an eruption or solitary skin lesion caused by a drug. See also dermatitis medicamentosa.
drug hypersensitivity
see drug allergy (above).
mutagenic d's
those that affect the DNA of the target organism have the hazard of creating new races of microorganisms with increased pathogenicity.
drug residue
the amount of the drug that can be detected in tissues at specified times after administration of the drug ceases. See also drug tolerance (below).
drug resistance
said mainly of antibacterial drugs and of microorganisms that are unaffected by the drug whilst most organisms of its species are susceptible. The resistance may be inherent or secondary to frequent exposure at sublethal levels. Resistance of an animal to a specific drug, e.g. to insulin, can also occur in this way.
drug resistant swine dysentery
medication of the feed is not an effective procedure and diarrhea and deaths occur.
drug safety margin
the magnitude of the difference between the dose required to produce a maximum therapeutic effect and that which produces a toxic effect. Registering authorities require this information.
drug selectivity
capacity to produce a single effect.
teratogenic drug
produces a toxic effect on the fetus at a particular phase of development producing a malformation.

eruption

1. the act of breaking out, appearing or becoming visible, as eruption of the teeth.
2. visible efflorescent lesions of the skin due to disease, with redness, prominence, or both; a rash.

creeping eruption
see cutaneous larva migrans.
drug eruption
see drug eruption.
tooth eruption
used in veterinary medicine as a guide to an animal's age.
grouped tooth eruption
permanent posterior teeth erupting side by side with no replacement horizontally.
sequential tooth eruption
permanent posterior teeth replaced by craniad movement of caudal teeth; seen in macropods and elephants.
tooth eruption times
see Table 19.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a great majority of cases, morbilliform drug eruptions are self-limiting but they can be the initial presentation of more serious reactions such as Stevens-Johnson and drug hypersensitivity syndromes.
Now in its 18th Edition, Litt's Drug Eruptions and Reactions Manual (D.
In its 16th Edition, this widely acclaimed book has evolved and expanded into the Drug Eruptions and Reactions Manual (D.
The authors, academicians and practitioners from the UK and the US, cover such topics as the function and structure of the skin, diagnosis, disorders of keratinization, papulosquamous disorders such as psoriasis, dermatitis and related diseases, bullous diseases, connective tissue disorders, disorders of blood vessels and sweat glands, regional dermatology, infections, infestations, skin tumors, the skin and the psyche and drug eruptions.
In May of 2006, Logical Images updated VisualDx with Acute Pulmonary Infections and neonate and infant dermatological modules, creating a library of 18 discrete modules including rashes, growths and lesions in adult and pediatric patients, drug eruptions, oral lesions and growths, terrorism recognition, international travel, and female and male genital rashes and growths.
Covers all common inflammatory and infective dermatoses, plus rarer conditions: rashes, tumours, connective tissue disease, travellers dermatoses and drug eruptions.
Fixed drug eruptions are blistering or erosive allergic reactions that may appear on hair-bearing skin, mucus membranes, or modified mucus membranes.
Logical Images develops point-of-care visual diagnostic software that enables clinicians to accurately diagnose and treat infectious diseases, agents of bioterrorism, drug eruptions and a wide range of common ailments and medical conditions.
For example, fixed drug eruptions can sometimes manifest with herpeslike genital lesions, as can allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to condoms, semen, or benzocaine sprays used by some men to delay ejaculation.
Drug eruptions in people with skin of color may also be missed in examinations, because most physicians are not well trained to recognize hues of red in shades of brown.

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