dracunculiasis


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Related to dracunculiasis: schistosomiasis

dracunculiasis

 [drah-kung″ku-li´ah-sis]
infection by nematodes of the genus Dracunculus.

dra·cun·cu·li·a·sis

, dracunculosis (dra'kŭng-kyū-lī'ă-sis, -kyū-lō'sis),
Infection with Dracunculus medinensis.

dracunculiasis

/dra·cun·cu·li·a·sis/ (drah-kung″ku-li´ah-sis) infection by nematodes of the genus Dracunculus.

dracunculiasis

(drə-kŭng′kyə-lī′ə-sĭs) also

dracunculosis

(-lō′sĭs)
n.
Infection with guinea worms, characterized by painful blisters and lesions of the skin where the worms emerge. Also called dracontiasis, guinea worm disease.

dracunculiasis

[drakun′kyoo͡lī′əsis]
Etymology: Gk, drakontion, little dragon, osis, condition
a parasitic infection caused by infestation by the nematode Dracunculus medinensis. It is characterized by ulcerative skin lesions on the legs and feet that are produced by the emergence of one or more gravid female worms, which may be visible. People are infected by drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated shellfish. It is common in densely populated tropic and subtropic areas of the world. Treatment involves slow, progressive, mechanical removal of the worm over several days. Metronidazole may reduce inflammation and facilitate removal of the worm. Also called dracontiasis, dracunculosis, Guinea worm infection.
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Dracunculiasis

dra·cun·cu·li·a·sis

, dracunculosis (dră-kŭng'kyū-lī'ă-sis, -lō'sis)
Infection with Dracunculus medinensis.

dracunculiasis, dracunculosis

infection and infestation by nematodes of the genus Dracunculus.
References in periodicals archive ?
To assess the present status of dracunculiasis in Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan after its declared eradication in 1996, five villages were selected for a cross-sectional household survey based on previous clinical records of dracunculiasis.
In each affected country, a national dracunculiasis eradication program receives monthly reports regarding cases from each village under active surveillance.
Health agencies such as WHO, and Red Cross Society always provide drugs and vaccines and other materials to areas noted to have poor health status following the scourge of some diseases such as dracunculiasis, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis etc.
Dracunculiasis was widespread in Africa and Asia prior to eradication programs begun by the WHO in 1986.
Dracunculiasis (guinea worm) Worm Dracunculus ingested by Cyclops (a crustacean).
Dracunculiasis Water flea 100,000 n/a (Guinea worm)
Also called dracunculiasis, the water-borne, crippling disease is caused by a worm that infects an estimated 10 million people annually, mostly in rural areas of Africa, India and Pakistan.
The peculiar epidemiology of Dracunculus medinensis (Guinea worm), the causative agent of dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease), in Chad has led to speculation that a paratenic host is involved in the life cycle, most likely an animal with an aquatic stage that would feed upon copepods and harbor the infection for subsequent transmission to a human or dog definitive host (1).
Among these, six were collected in four formerly endemic countries (Ghana, Kenya, Niger, and Sudan) and the remaining 379 were collected in the four countries where dracunculiasis remains endemic.
From 1986 to 2012, there has been a significant decline in dracunculiasis or Guinea worm disease prevalence worldwide.
The 17 NTDs are: Lymphatic filariasis, Chagas' disease, the leishmaniases, dracunculiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, blinding trachoma, leprosy, schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, Buruli ulcer, dengue fever, cysticercosis, rabies, echinococcosis, foodborne trematodiases and endemic treponematoses