fowl

(redirected from domestic fowl)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to domestic fowl: Common domestic fowl, pullets

fowl

(foul)
n. pl. fowl or fowls
1. Any of various birds of the order Galliformes, especially the common, widely domesticated chicken (Gallus domesticus).
2.
a. A bird, such as a duck, goose, turkey, or pheasant, that is used as food or hunted as game.
b. The flesh of such birds used as food.
3. A bird of any kind.

fowl′er n.

fowl

domestic fowl. A member of the genus Gallus of the family Phasianidae, the pheasant family. Characterized by a fleshy comb, earlobes below the eyes and wattles from below the beak, long, drooping hackle feathers on the neck of the cock, pendent, lancet-shaped covert feathers on the wings, upward curving sickle feathers in the tail of the male, jointed spurs on the legs of the cock bird and well-marked sexual dimorphism.
There are many breeds of domestic fowl but they have diminished in importance with the expansion of the broiler and egg industries, most enterprises carrying their own genetic strains identified by code numbers. Some of the more common breeds are identified under the headings: brahma, cochin, cornish, english game, langshan, minorca, orpington (Buff and Black), plymouth rock, rhode island red, silkie, sussex, white leghorn, wyandotte and many breeds of bantam.
For most entries relating to fowls see under avian.

fowl cholera
a contagious widespread disease of fowls caused by Pasteurella multocida and manifested by septicemia with sudden onset, rapid spread, short course and high mortality. There may be diarrhea and dyspnea.
fowl coryza
a serious, widespread, respiratory disease of fowls caused by Avibacteriumparagallinarum and characterized by acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and air sacs. It is characterized by an acute onset of mucoid or serous nasal discharge, facial edema and conjunctivitis, swollen wattles, diarrhea, reduced feed intake and a heavy culling rate.
fowl manna grass
glyceriastriata.
fowl paralysis
fowl paratyphoid
an important cause of wastage in commercial birds, especially turkeys occurring as outbreaks of severe enteritis in young birds caused by Salmonella spp. including over 100 species.
fowl pest
fowl plague
see avian influenza.
fowl pox
see fowlpox.
fowl tick
see argaspersicus.
fowl typhoid
a disease of fowl and turkeys caused by Salmonella gallinarum. It affects only adult hens and is rare in modern, hygienically managed commercial flocks. There is weakness, diarrhea and anemia. The course is short and case mortality is high.
References in periodicals archive ?
The effects of environmental temperature on fertility of the domestic fowl.
Increasing numbers of recent reports document apparent movement of the virus, whereas before April 2005, no evidence existed of HPAI H5N1 in free-ranging migratory birds distant from domestic fowl, despite years of sampling of tens of thousands of migratory waterfowl of several species from wetland sites across the European continent (25).
Time budgets in red jungle fowl as a basis for the assessment of welfare in domestic fowl.
3]/ [micro]L]), (10) but was in agreement with values reported for domestic fowl and turkeys.
There is no clear demarcation between the interstitial tissue and the peritubular tissue in the sexually active birds due to the compactness whereas the demarcation was relatively clear in resting testis due to the physiological atrophy seminiferous tubules in the present study which is similar to the findings of Rothwell & Tingari in domestic fowl.
RSPCA inspector Simon Evans said: "These poor domestic fowl were left in hugely inappropriate conditions, and subjected to shocking levels of neglect.
Savory (1980) reported in his review that the most important factor affecting diurnal feeding patterns of domestic fowl is reproductive state (layers or non-layers), while the strain of fowl, age of birds, particle size, diet, cage shape, and lighting also had some influence.
The university also carried out medical, conservation and agricultural research on mice, rats, pigs, guinea pigs, squirrels, domestic fowl and European starlings.
The ovary in the domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus) contains five or six largest preovulatory follicles arranged in a hierarchy.
at the Capitol to study and make recommendations on agricultural liens, the impact of airborne and windblown litter, marketing strategies and laws related to game animal management, domestic fowl production and the development of certain agricultural products.
Ovarian adenocarcinoma was reported in mature domestic fowl, (3) a domestic turkey, (4) budgerigars (Me/opsittacus undulatus), (5,6) and a greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus) ; however, to our knowledge, ovarian adenocarcinoma has not been previously reported in common mynahs.