distichiasis

distichia

 [dis-tik´e-ah] (distichiasis [dis″tĭ-ki´ah-sis]) the presence of a double row of eyelashes, one or both of which are turned against the eyeball.

dis·ti·chi·a·sis

(dis'ti-kī'ă-sis), [MIM*126300]
A congenital, abnormal, accessory row of eyelashes.
[G. di- double, + stichos, row]

distichiasis

/dis·ti·chi·a·sis/ (dis″tĭ-ki´ah-sis) the presence of a double row of eyelashes, one or both of which are turned in against the eyeball.

distichiasis

The presence of an extra row of eyelashes, on the inner margin of the eyelid, that often causes severe discomfort from contact with the eye.

distichiasis

Congenital anomaly in which there is a double row of eyelashes in the lid margin, one row being normal and the other row turning inward towards the eye. Distichiasis can also be acquired following scarring or chemical and physical injury. If there are symptoms, treatment consists of removal of the aberrant eyelashes, usually by cryotherapy (removal under cold or freezing conditions) or electrolysis. See epilation; polystichia; trichiasis.

distichiasis

the condition caused by having distichia and characterized by severe, chronic conjunctival injury leading to conjunctivitis, blepharospasm and keratitis.
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Distichiasis. By permission from Slatter D,Textbook of Small Animal Surgery, Saunders, 2002
References in periodicals archive ?
There is also a condition called distichiasis where eyelashes grow in abnormal places such as the inside of the eyelid and, although it can occur in any breed of dog, cocker spaniels, dachshunds, bulldogs and weimaraners are particularly prone.
2009) or distichiasis, keratitis sicca, trauma due to foreign body, tumors and entropion (Slatter, 2003).
Cases with accompanying trichiasis and distichiasis and patients who had previously undergone conjunctival or eyelid surgery were not included in the study.
Diseases such as exophthalmos, lagophthalmos, medial corner entropion, nasal trichiasis, distichiasis, changes in tear production and keratopathy by exposure are cited.
Elizabeth Taylor had a genetic mutation which made her famous violet eyes even more alluring - a medical condition called distichiasis meant she had a double set of eyelashes.
Type I congenital multiple intraspinal extradural cysts associated with distichiasis and lymphedema syndrome.
The "mutation" in question was nothing more sinister than an extra set of eyelashes, a rare medical condition known as distichiasis, reports the Daily Mail.
Corneal ulceration, bacterial infections, viral infections, foreign bodies, allergies, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, distichiasis, entropion, and ectropion can all be associated with conjunctivitis.
Clinicians who suspect this is the cause of a patient's discomfort will need to differentiate it from acquired distichiasis, which is metaplastic eyelash growth that results from chronic lid inflammation.
Liquid nitrogen or nitrous oxide has been used to freeze and ablate hair follicles for treatment of distichiasis, trichiasis, and ectopic cilia.
Etiologies may be congenital, or result from infection, allergy, trichiasis, distichiasis, ectopic cilia, entropion, trauma, a foreign body or lack of tears.
Chronic inflammation of the conjunctiva, conjunctival scarring, symblepharon formation, trichiasis, distichiasis, meibomian gland dysfunction, and lacrimal gland inflammation are all factors that can lead to tear film abnormalities and ultimately to damage to limbal stem cells and corneal epithelium that can present as persistent epithelial defect, corneal scarring, and neovascularization.