distichiasis


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distichia

 [dis-tik´e-ah] (distichiasis [dis″tĭ-ki´ah-sis]) the presence of a double row of eyelashes, one or both of which are turned against the eyeball.

dis·ti·chi·a·sis

(dis'ti-kī'ă-sis), [MIM*126300]
A congenital, abnormal, accessory row of eyelashes.
[G. di- double, + stichos, row]

distichiasis

/dis·ti·chi·a·sis/ (dis″tĭ-ki´ah-sis) the presence of a double row of eyelashes, one or both of which are turned in against the eyeball.

distichiasis

The presence of an extra row of eyelashes, on the inner margin of the eyelid, that often causes severe discomfort from contact with the eye.

distichiasis

Congenital anomaly in which there is a double row of eyelashes in the lid margin, one row being normal and the other row turning inward towards the eye. Distichiasis can also be acquired following scarring or chemical and physical injury. If there are symptoms, treatment consists of removal of the aberrant eyelashes, usually by cryotherapy (removal under cold or freezing conditions) or electrolysis. See epilation; polystichia; trichiasis.

distichiasis

the condition caused by having distichia and characterized by severe, chronic conjunctival injury leading to conjunctivitis, blepharospasm and keratitis.
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Distichiasis. By permission from Slatter D,Textbook of Small Animal Surgery, Saunders, 2002
References in periodicals archive ?
Elizabeth Taylor had a genetic mutation which made her famous violet eyes even more alluring - a medical condition called distichiasis meant she had a double set of eyelashes.
Type I congenital multiple intraspinal extradural cysts associated with distichiasis and lymphedema syndrome.
If distichiasis is diagnosed, an operation to remove the abnormally growing eyelashes may be recommended.
The "mutation" in question was nothing more sinister than an extra set of eyelashes, a rare medical condition known as distichiasis, reports the Daily Mail.
Liquid nitrogen or nitrous oxide has been used to freeze and ablate hair follicles for treatment of distichiasis, trichiasis, and ectopic cilia.
After five minutes, the cotton bud is removed and the presence of fluorescein (positive) on the bud indicates a patent lacrimal drainage system and the epiphora may be the result of lacrimal hypersecretion, caused by conditions such as ocular allergy, dry eye, blepharitis, trichiasis, distichiasis, entropion, ectropion, foreign bodies, concretions, corneal disease or anterior uveitis.
Reflex hypersecretion may be caused by blepharitis, trichiasis, distichiasis, entropion, conjunctival concretions, foreign bodies, dry eyes, eyelashes 'stuck' in the tear punctum, corneal ulcers, corneal abrasions, and anterior uveitis (through photophobia).