distemper


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

distemper

 [dis-tem´per]
a name for several infectious diseases of animals, especially canine distemper, a highly fatal viral disease of dogs, marked by fever, loss of appetite, and a discharge from the nose and eyes.

distemper

(dĭs-tĕm′pər)
n.
1. Any of various infectious diseases of animals, especially:
2. An illness or disease; an ailment: "He died ... of a broken heart, a distemper which kills many more than is generally imagined" (Henry Fielding).
3. Ill humor; testiness.
4. Disorder or disturbance, especially of a social or political nature.
tr.v. distem·pered, distem·pering, distem·pers
1. To put out of order.
2. Archaic To unsettle; derange.

distemper

[distem′pər]
Etymology: L, dis, apart, temperare, to regulate
1 any mental or physical disorder or indisposition.
2 a potentially fatal viral disease of animals, characterized by rhinitis, fever, and a loss of appetite.

dis·tem·per

(dis-tem'pĕr)
The colloquial usage for canine distemper caused by an RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus, a member of the family Paramyxoviridae.

distemper

a name for several infectious diseases of animals.

avian distemper
canine distemper
an acute virus disease of dogs caused by a morbillivirus, and characterized by high morbidity and high mortality, ocular and nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, dyspnea and seizures. In addition, some dogs develop 'hard pads' (hyperkeratosis of the footpads), persistent muscle twitches (chorea), optic neuritis and later retinal atrophy, enamel hypoplasia (distemper teeth—see below), or a chronic encephalitis. Interstitial pneumonia and demyelinating encephalomyelitis are common pathological features. Also occurs in other Canidae as well as Procyonidae, Ursidae, Mustelidae and Hyaenidae. The disease can be prevented by vaccination at a young age. Called also Carré's disease.
equine distemper
feline distemper
see feline panleukopenia.
phocine distemper
a disease first observed in European harbor seals in 1988 caused by a morbillivirus; clinical signs are similar to those of distemper.
distemper teeth
the pitted, discolored teeth that may result when young dogs are infected with distemper virus prior to the eruption of their permanent teeth. Other insults to enamel formation at this age may also be responsible for this defect.
Enlarge picture
Distemper teeth.
References in periodicals archive ?
The best prevention against canine distemper is vaccination.
Genetic characterization of canine distemper virus in Serengeti carnivores.
June 13 /PRNewswire/ -- Lovers of the nation's 65 million dogs now have a new, convenient and safe option to vaccinate their canine companions less frequently and protect them longer against three of the most common and deadly canine diseases: distemper, hepatitis and parvovirus.
Then the hyena may take distemper back into the park.
But the most difficult thing is catching and muzzling the dogs so they can be kept still for their distemper shot.
For example, Gordon et al described the presence of canine distemper virus RNA in pagetic bone lesions.
The family room pairs milk-painted and beeswaxed wainscoting below with a chalk-base distemper paint above.
Distemper cases are most common in the fall, Golub said.
TWO seals found washed up on the banks of the River Dee did not die of the distemper virus, wildlife experts said last night.
Environment Minister Ross Finnie confirmed the first case of phocine distemper virus after a post-mortem examination was carried out by vets on a common seal found washed ashore at Dornoch in the Moray Firth on September 11.
Scientists are surprised and delighted that despite the Phocine Distemper Virus, which first struck nearly three months ago, there have so far been only a dozen confirmed deaths from the disease.
Castillo said the Portland and Salem areas have seen deadly outbreaks of distemper in recent years, but that Eugene was overdue.