distal myopathy


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myopathy

 [mi-op´ah-the]
any disease of a muscle. adj., adj myopath´ic.
centronuclear myopathy myotubular myopathy.
distal myopathy an autosomal dominant form of muscular dystrophy, appearing in two types. The first has onset in infancy, does not progress past adolescence, and is not incapacitating. The second has onset in adulthood and is called late distal hereditary myopathy. Called also distal muscular dystrophy.
glycolytic myopathy any metabolic myopathy resulting from a defect of glycolytic enzyme activity, marked by exercise intolerance and cramping, the accumulation of glycogen in muscle, and recurrent myoglobinuria.
late distal hereditary myopathy distal myopathy that sets in usually after age 40, does not affect life span and first affects the small muscles of the hands and feet and then spreads proximally.
metabolic myopathy myopathy due to disordered metabolism, usually caused by genetic defects or hormonal dysfunction.
mitochondrial myopathy any of a group of myopathies associated with an increased number of enlarged, often abnormal, mitochondria in muscle fibers, manifested by exercise intolerance, generalized weakness, lactic acidosis, infantile tetraparesis, ophthalmoplegia, and cardiac abnormalities.
myotubular myopathy a form marked by myofibers resembling the myotubules of early fetal muscle.
nemaline myopathy a congenital abnormality of myofibrils in which small threadlike fibers are scattered through the muscle fibers; marked by hypotonia and proximal muscle weakness.
ocular myopathy a slowly progressive form affecting the extraocular muscles, with ptosis and progressive immobility of the eyes.

dis·tal my·op·a·thy

myopathy affecting predominantly the distal portions of the limbs; onset is usually after age 40 years, with weakness and wasting of small muscles of the hands; The infantile form [MIM*160300] and the Swedish later-onset [MIM*160500] are autosomal dominant. There is a Japanese late-onset type [MIM*254130] that is recessive and is caused by mutation in the gene encoding dysferlin on 2p13.

distal myopathy

an autosomal-dominant form of muscular dystrophy, appearing in two types. The first has onset in infancy, does not progress past adolescence, and is not incapacitating. The second has onset in adulthood and is called late distal hereditary myopathy. Also called distal muscular dystrophy.

dis·tal my·op·a·thy

(distăl mī-opă-thē)
Neurologic disorder affecting predominantly the distal portions of the limbs; onset is usually after age 40 years, with weakness and wasting of small muscles of the hands.

dis·tal my·op·a·thy

(distăl mī-opă-thē)
Muscular disorder affecting predominantly the distal portions of the limbs; onset is usually after age 40 years.
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