palate

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palate

 [pal´at]
the roof of the mouth. The hard palate is the front portion braced by the upper jaw bones (maxillae); it has a bony framework and forms the partition between the mouth and the nose. The soft palate is the fleshy part arching downward from the hard palate to the throat; it separates the mouth and the pharynx. When a person swallows, the rear of the soft palate swings up against the back of the pharynx and blocks the passage of food and air to the nose. A fleshy lobe called the uvula hangs from the middle of the soft palate. adj., adj pal´atal.
cleft palate see cleft lip and cleft palate.
premaxillary palate (primary palate) that portion of the palate that was the median nasal process during early development.
secondary palate that portion of the palate that was the lateral nasal processes during early development.

pal·ate

(pal'ăt), [TA]
The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities.
Synonym(s): palatum [TA], roof of mouth, uraniscus
[L. palatum, palate]

palate

/pal·ate/ (pal´it) roof of the mouth; the partition separating the nasal and oral cavities.pal´atalpal´atine
cleft palate  congenital fissure of median line of palate.
hard palate  the anterior portion of the palate, separating the oral and nasal cavities, consisting of the bony framework and covering membranes.
soft palate  the fleshy part of the palate, extending from the posterior edge of the hard palate; the uvula projects from its free inferior border.

palate

(păl′ĭt)
n.
The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities; the roof of the mouth.

pal′a·tal (-ə-təl), pal′a·tine′ (-ə-tīn′) adj.

palate

[pal′it]
Etymology: L, palatum
the bony muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities that forms the roof of the mouth. It is divided into the hard palate and the soft palate. Also called uraniscus. palatal, palatine, adj.
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Palate

pal·ate

(pal'ăt) [TA]
The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities.
Synonym(s): palatum [TA] .
[L. palatum, palate]

palate

The partly hard, partly soft partition that forms the roof of the mouth and separates it from the nose. The hard palate consists of a plate of bone, part of the MAXILLA, covered with mucous membrane. The soft palate, attached to the back of the hard palate, is a small flap of muscle and fibrous tissue enclosed in a fold of mucous membrane. It can press firmly against the back wall of the PHARYNX, sealing off the opening to the nose during swallowing and when one is blowing out through the mouth.

palate

the roof of the mouth in vertebrates formed anteriorly by a bony projection of the upper jaw and posteriorly by the fold of connective tissue (soft palate). Mammals possess a , false palate which has been formed below the original palate, and results in the opening of the nasal cavity at the back of the mouth (in the throat), allowing chewing and breathing at the same time.

pal·ate

(pal'ăt) [TA]
Bony and muscular partition between oral and nasal cavities.
Synonym(s): roof of mouth.
[L. palatum, palate]

palate (pal´ət),

n the bone and soft tissue that closes the space encompassed by the maxillary arch, extending posteriorly to the pharynx. The palate forms the “roof of the mouth” and connects to the nasal septum and floor of the nose in the midline.
palate, acquired cleft,
n a noncongenital defect of soft or hard tissues of the hard and soft palate.
palate, cleft,
n a cleft in the palate between the two palatal processes. It can vary in involvement and can be associated with cleft lip. If both hard and soft palates are involved, it is a
uranostaphyloschisis; if only the soft palate is divided, it is a
uranoschisis. The term
cleft palate is often erroneously applied to clefts between the median nasal and maxillary processes through the alveolus. The proper term for this type of cleft is
cleft jaw, or
gnathoschisis.
Enlarge picture
Cleft palate.
n a congenital nonunion or inadequacy of soft and hard tissues related to the lip, nose, alveolar process, hard palate, and velum. The extent of these deformities varies among individuals. Varieties of classifications are available to identify the extent of the cleft.
palate, hard,
n the anterior part of the palate, which is supported by and includes the palatal extensions of the maxillary and palatine bones.
palate, primary,
n the shelf separating the oral and nasal cavities that is formed during early embryonic development from protrusions of tissue between the olfactory pits. It is also called
primitive palate.
palate, secondary,
n the final palate that is formed during embryonic development when projections from the nasal prominences come together to create portions of the maxillary arch.
palate, soft,
n the part of the palate lying posterior to the hard palate, composed of only soft tissues without underlying bony support.
palate, soft, redivision,
n the surgical incision or removal of a V-shaped area of tissue from the soft palate to facilitate the proper placement of the pharyngeal section of a prosthetic speech aid.
palate splitting appliance,
n an orthodontic appliance cemented to buccal teeth on either side, incorporating a jackscrew that is progressively extended to accomplish forceful separation of the two lateral halves of the bony palate. Similar corrections also are accomplished with removable split-palate appliances.

palate

the roof of the mouth.
The front portion braced by the upper jaw bones (maxillae) is known as the hard palate and forms the partition between the mouth and the nose. The fleshy part arching from the hard palate to the throat is called the soft palate and separates the oropharynx from the nasopharynx. When the animal swallows, the rear of the soft palate swings up against the back of the pharynx and blocks the passage of food and air to the nose. See also soft palate.

cleft palate
see cleft lip.
displaced palate
the soft palate of the horse, except during deglutition, rests below the epiglottis. It may be displaced and come to lie above the epiglottis, due either to hypoplasia of the epiglottis or paresis of the soft palate.
midline defect of palate
see cleft lip.
palate reflexes
swallowing caused by stimulation of the palate.