115) Also, Hernandez and Preston's online study showed that mock jurors who were exposed to either positive or negative information about a defendant rendered verdicts in line with that information when materials were presented in a fluent format (visually easier to read), but not when presented in a disfluent
format (visually harder to read).
Preference for fluent versus disfluent
Among their topics are genetics and language, disfluent
speech characteristics of monolingual Spanish speaking children, stuttering in English-Mandarin bilinguals in Singapore, and clinical updates and applications for treating bilingual stuttering in early childhood.
So if something is hard to see or hear, it feels disfluent
Even if Jack works hard practicing appropriate behavior, his new behavior may be disfluent
and he may feel that he is not true to his "real self": his characteristic, rapid, automatic, effortless, context and stimulus-appropriate behavior (Fraley, 1998; Johnson & Layng, 1996).
student reads slowly and laboriously, stopping often to sound out words and rereading sections to regain comprehension.
In another California district the label is "clinically disfluent.
We obtained the interest and collaboration of a school district in Southern California that had a concern with Spanish-speaking students who fell into the low-level category described above; in this district these students are sometimes called "clinically disfluent.
Exploring the physical behaviors that accompany a client's disfluent
speech may also be valuable, as the client's self-awareness of concrete behaviors will be increased.
The data below show examples of this seemingly disfluent
production of polymorphemic words where there is a pause between the prefix and root.
Comparing the disfluent
speech of people who stutter to the fluent speech of nonstuttering2 individuals fosters an environment in which people who stutter are devalued.
People with chronic stuttering can be disfluent
on almost every word and take minutes to say one word.