29) shows mean duration (ms) of disfluency pauses, pauses within words, and standard pauses respectively.
Of the pause types, there were 68 disfluency pauses, 29 instances of within-word pauses, and 492 "standard" pauses, i.
LOUIS, E; WINFIELD, L; FAHN, S & FORD, B 2001: Speech disfluency
exacerbated by levodopa in Parkinson's disease.
Yet, many SLPs are reluctant to make referrals to social workers or counselors because of a belief that mental health professionals are generally uninformed about disfluency (Luterman, 1996).
The type and frequency of disfluency are different for every individual and can vary at various times of life.
Helpful approaches include talking to the child's classmates to lessen their fear and misunderstandings about stuttering, helping the teacher find ways for the student to be more comfortable participating in class, and sharing appropriate methods to interact with the child to show acceptance of the disfluency as one aspect of personal identity while promoting positive relationships with others (Gregory, 1997).
The self-perception of an individual who stutters is thought to be a critical influence in the perpetuation of a cycle that either maintains disfluency or promotes greater facility in speaking (Harrison, 1993).
Some people who stutter are so adept at the use of avoidance that they rarely, if ever, exhibit any disfluency (Wexler, 1996).
The disfluency itself may be predicated, at least in part, by the anticipation of it.
L&H Voice Xpress version 5 is the first speech recognition product to offer disfluency
filter technology which eliminates the "ahh" and "umm" sounds that frequently cause errors among speech recognition users.