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Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority for treatment; the separation of a large number of casualties, in military or civilian disaster medical care, into three groups: 1) those who cannot be expected to survive even with treatment; 2) those who will recover without treatment; 3) the highest priority group, those who will not survive without treatment.
Large-scale application of emergency medical services in a community, following a natural or man-made catastrophe. The aim is to save lives and restore every survivor to maximum health as promptly as possible. Its success depends on prompt sorting of patients according to their immediate needs and prognosis.See: triage
See also: medicine
the practice of veterinary medicine under circumstances resulting from natural disasters. Appropriate planning usually includes provisions for emergency treatment of animal injuries, control of and temporary housing of displaced animals, reuniting lost animals with their owners, and contributions to management of public health.