disaster medicine


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tri·age

(trē'ahzh)
Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority for treatment; the separation of a large number of casualties, in military or civilian disaster medical care, into three groups: 1) those who cannot be expected to survive even with treatment; 2) those who will recover without treatment; 3) the highest priority group, those who will not survive without treatment.
[Fr. sorting]

disaster medicine

Large-scale application of emergency medical services in a community, following a natural or man-made catastrophe. The aim is to save lives and restore every survivor to maximum health as promptly as possible. Its success depends on prompt sorting of patients according to their immediate needs and prognosis.
See: triage
See also: medicine

disaster medicine

the practice of veterinary medicine under circumstances resulting from natural disasters. Appropriate planning usually includes provisions for emergency treatment of animal injuries, control of and temporary housing of displaced animals, reuniting lost animals with their owners, and contributions to management of public health.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Congress, whose works were opened on Thursday by Public Health Minister Mondher Zenaidi, is attended by Romania's deputy Health Minister as an honour guest, and by Maghreb experts, chairmen of European emergency and disaster medicine associations and representatives from the American Emergency Medicine Academy and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Public health assessments in disaster settings: Recommendations for a multidisciplinary approach", Prehospital and Disaster Medicine.
Instead, we're employing advanced human patient simulators for the assessment component of the disaster medicine exam.
FAST TRACK Volunteers are more effective when they are part of an organized response and are trained in disaster medicine and public health
Based on the findings from the verification test, Associate Professor Komura will make a presentation on the practicality of the system at the Annual Meeting of the Japanese Association for Disaster Medicine scheduled in February.
Medical personnel should have been more alert to potentially violent situations and planned accordingly, said ACEP Disaster Medicine Section Chair Eric Weinstein, M.
The year 2002 activities apply to prevention schemes (mainly against fires), public information, disaster medicine (preparing for major accidents and disasters, experience built up with disaster medicine, counselling for victims and victims' families and response planning (creating in several Member States, particularly the Mediterranean countries, a single European emergency call number, a disaster medicine workshop on how to react to bioterrorism).
In addition to preparing for natural disasters, the nation's 20 federally funded Level I disaster medicine assistance teams are bracing for more terrorism in the form of bombings and biological agents.
OSAKA, May 10 Kyodo Medical and paramedical workers from around the world opened Monday the 11th world congress on emergency and disaster medicine in Suita, Osaka Prefecture, to discuss ways to improve life support and relief in times of calamity or war.
Applications include vascular access, emergency and disaster medicine, hematology/oncology and spinal procedures.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, infectious and psychiatric hospitals, oncology and tuberculosis dispensaries, as well as the Center for Emergency Medical Care and Disaster Medicine, "said Anton Bakhlykov.
Fellowship training following the completion of emergency medicine residency training programs are available in the fields of sports medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, pre-hospital emergency medical services, disaster medicine, medical toxicology, emergency ultrasound/diagnostic imaging, palliative care, and critical care.

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