disability-adjusted life years


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disability-adjusted life years (DALYs),

a measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, usually that of an entire nation, based on adjustment of life expectancy that allows for long-term disability as estimated from official national statistics; DALYs have been extensively used by the World Health Organization to arrive at rankings of nations according to average national levels of health.
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]

dis·a·bil·i·ty-ad·just·ed life years

(DALYs) (dis'ă-bil'i-tē ă-jŭs'tĕd līf yērz)
A measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, based on adjustment of life expectancy to allow for long-term disability as estimated from official statistics.
See also: global burden of disease
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Resource allocation by the latter is often guided by criteria such as burden of disease expressed in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as proposed by Murray (5,6).
The study also estimated the global health burden of visual impairment using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), the unit of measurement favoured by the WHO.
In addition, IHD is the second leading cause of burden of disease (as measured in Disability-Adjusted Life Years or DALYs, or years of lost healthy life) in the high and middle income countries and number nine in low income countries; in the European Region, IHD is the number one cause of disease burden.
The researchers estimated both the number of deaths attributed to each risk factor and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a unit that takes into account both years of life lost and years lived with disability.
This could be done using disability-adjusted life years [the sum of years of premature mortality plus years of illness or injury modified by appropriate weighting factors because of a particular disease or risk factor (Anand and Hanson 1997)].
6) It is responsible for 10% of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) globally in low- and middle-income countries and 18% in high-income countries.
BMI's Burden of Disease Database (BoDD) reveals that number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost to communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and measles in Pakistan during 2009 was 19,369,492.
Orphan Diseases and Drugs: The Disease Burden of NTDs Compared with the "Big Three" in Disability-adjusted Life Years or DALYs, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2009 Slide 14
According to the latest available South African burden of diseases study, non-communicable diseases contributed 28% of the total disease burden - measured by disability-adjusted life years.
The authors say that, if the risk of death for 190 million vitamin A deficient children were reduced by 24 percent, over 600,000 lives would be saved each year and 20 million disability-adjusted life years (a measure of quantity and quality of life) would be gained.
The publishers Burden of Disease Database (BoDD) shows that Slovakia is among the healthiest countries in the region, with 15,302 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost to all diseases and injuries in 2008.
In a study of more than 1,200 patients suffering from ischemic stroke, the researchers gauged the impact of stroke and its complications using disability-adjusted life years (DALY) measures of age, gender and disability level.

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