disability-adjusted life year

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Related to disability-adjusted life year: quality adjusted life year

disability-adjusted life year



An estimate of how much a burden a disease poses to public health. The estimate includes the number of early deaths caused by the disease relative to the average life expectancy of a population and the severity and duration of the functional losses the disease causes in those who survive with it.
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To circumvent the latter issue, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends using disability-adjusted life years (DALY) as a metric to express the public health effects of foodborne diseases (2), and DALY is increasingly used for a wide variety of illnesses (6-8).
The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a standardized, comparative measure of disease impact developed to assess the relative impact of different diseases across different settings and at different stages of economic and public health development (6).
The burden of diabetes in each country - measured in disability-adjusted life years - is forecast to rise dramatically by 2030 in spite of improvements to healthcare and the introduction of more comprehensive health insurances schemes.
Among the leading causes of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 1990, neonatal pre-term births showed the largest decrease, falling 80.
When estimating the global disability burden, or when comparing the impact of leprosy with that of other neglected tropical diseases or of non-communicable diseases, using Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), one should look at cumulative disability prevalence not only at the 'rate of disability Grade 2 in newly diagnosed leprosy cases per 100,000 population' (WHO indicator).
The market is mainly driven by the rising prevalence of chronic diseases and related increase in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), technological advancements in medical devices, and growing aging population.
Objective: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) cause over 4 million deaths in Europe each year and mass disability: within the coming decades the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) estimate is expected to rise from a loss of 85 million DALYs in 1990 to a loss of 150 million DALYs globally in 2020.
The main outcome measures included the health care costs of pneumococcal disease for 20 birth cohorts, the disease burden and health care system costs averted by vaccination, and the ICER (the cost of the PCV in US$ divided by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) averted and US$ per life saved or death averted).
Stroke is the second leading cause of death in persons aged greater than 60 years and the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (years of life lost because of disability or early death) worldwide (2,3).
The study is titled the aACAyGlobal, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition'.
Using disability-adjusted life years to assess the economic impact of dengue in Puerto Rico: 1984-1994.

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