dirofilariasis


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Related to dirofilariasis: Dirofilaria repens

dirofilariasis

 [di″ro-fil″ah-ri´ah-sis]
infection with nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria; it is common in dogs and occasionally seen in humans, causing symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and sometimes hemoptysis.

di·ro·fil·a·ri·a·sis

(di'rō-fil-ă-rī'ă-sis),
Infection of animals and, rarely, humans with nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria; cats are an atypical host and are susceptible to very samll worm burdens, even a few worms may lead to sudden death. In dogs, the definitive hosts, clinical signs include dyspnea, cough, reduced exercise tolerance, and weight loss. In cats, sudden death, vomition, and less commonly, a syndrome resembling asthma may occur. Microfilariae circulate in the bloodstream where they are picked up by mosquito vectors; death of the adult worms during treatment may release antigens in the bloodstream, which can lead to serious side effects including anaphylaxis, expecially in cats. Human infection is typically subclinical, with development of small pulmonary nodules that are often only picked up when they are confused with small tumors on X-ray.

dirofilariasis

/di·ro·fil·a·ri·a·sis/ (-fil″ah-ri´ah-sis) infection with nematodes of genus Dirofilaria, common in dogs but rare in humans.

dirofilariasis

[dī′rōfil′ərī′əsis]
a human infestation of the dog heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, and the closely related D. (Nochtiella) repens, both of which may be transmitted through the bite of any of several species of mosquitoes. The filaria migrate through the bloodstream to the lung, producing pulmonary nodules and causing chest pain, coughing, and hemoptysis. The disease is rare among humans, but some species have been found to infect subcutaneous tissue and the eyes. Human disease is independent of dog ownership. Humans are deadend hosts for the parasites. Also called zoonotic filariasis.

dirofilariasis

infection with nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria. Includes subcutaneous swellings. See also heartworm disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dirofilariasis due to Dirofilaria repens in Italy, an emergent zoonosis: report of 60 new cases.
Published reviews have shown that 75-95% of pulmonary dirofilariasis presents as a single granuloma, which was not the case in this patient [4].
In dogs and cats, dirofilariasis is a very common disease with serious cardiovascular and respiratory manifestations.
2) The dirofilarial nematodes, including the canine heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, are distributed worldwide, have extensive zoonotic reservoirs, are transmitted by several species of mosquitoes, and can cause periorbital, pulmonary, and subcutaneous dirofilariasis.
DISCUSSION: Dirofilariasis is zoonotic disease reported worldwide mainly from European continent (1).
immitis encontrada en este estudio confirmo la evidencia anecdotica de que la prevalencia de Dirofilariasis en efecto no es muy alta en la region del Egeo, Turquia.
Human dirofilariasis due to Dirofilaria repens is a common zoonotic infection in Sri Lanka.
Public health aspects of dirofilariasis in the United States.
Por IFI no se encontraron reacciones cruzadas con babesiosis, erhlichiosis ni dirofilariasis, similar a lo descrito por Mancianti et al.
Table 6-9 Filarial Zoonotic Nematodes Predominant Signs Nematode Disease in People Brugia malayi, Brugia Often asymptomatic; Brugia timori filarias; clinical signs include lymphatic lymphangitis mainly in filariasis; the legs and groin area; Malayan fever, headache, and filariasis backache may also be seen Dirofilaria Dirofilariasis Typically asymptomatic; immitis occasionally localized vasculitis and pulmonary infarcts are found producing chest pain, cough, and hemoptysis.
Heartworm - also known as Dirofilariasis, this despicable little worm plies its trade in Southern Europe, USA, Canada and Asia.
1) these diseases may include avian malaria, anuran filariasis, dirofilariasis, encephalitides, and other arboviruses.