Carnosine and related dipeptides
as quenchers of reactive carbonyl species.
Our findings connect toxic dipeptides
arising from ALS and FTD with profound disturbances in phase transitions and the impairment of function of numerous membrane-less organelles.
At the same time, obvious positive effect of this dipeptide
allows using carnosine widely already in routine clinical practice.
They contended that this naturally occurring dipeptide
warrants increased consideration and study for its potential as an anticancer agent.
This enzyme, located on the endothelium of capillaries in many organs including the myocardium (5) and in plasma, rapidly removes a dipeptide
from the amino-terminal end of BNP(1-32) to produce BNP(3-32) (6,7), which circulates at low concentrations in humans (8).
Comparison of growth performance and whole-body amino acid composition in red seabream (Pagrus major) fed free or dipeptide
form of phenylalanine.
Recently, Cruzat et al (2010) concluded that supplementation with free L-glutamine and the dipeptide
alanylglutamine represents an effective source of glutamine, which may attenuate inflammation biomarkers after periods of training and plasma levels of CK and the inflammatory response induced by prolonged exercise in rats .
This volume presents recent research into developments of nanoparticulate delivery systems for an immune modulating agent, glucosaminyl muramyl dipeptide
, the main component of the bacterial, wall, with a discussion of applications to treat endometriosis.
The active substance of preparation Imunorix is a high-purified synthetic substance of dipeptide
nature working through regulation of immune response.
Aspartame which is a dipeptide
, is N-L-[alpha]-aspartye-L-phenylalanine-1-methyl ester (code named E-951) and is a low-calorie product with sweetness potency 160-220 times that of sucrose on a weight basis and a cooling effect on the body .
Role of pH gradient and membrane potential in dipeptide
transport in intestinal and renal brush-border membrane vesicles from the rabbit.
Studies suggested that this dipeptide
was biologically active in vivo and exerted multiple physiological effects; for example, the articular cartilage of mice fed with Pro-Hyp in an OA-inducing, phosphorus-containing diet showed a significantly lower degree of cartilage degradation than control mice.