digestive enzymes


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Related to digestive enzymes: Probiotics

di·ges·tive en·zymes

1. enzymes that are used in the digestive system;
2. enzymes that are hydrolases of macromolecules (for example, amylases, proteinases).

Digestive enzymes

Molecules that catalyze the breakdown of large molecules (usually food) into smaller molecules.
Mentioned in: Heartburn

digestive enzymes (di·jesˑ·tiv enˑ·zīmz),

n.pl proteins that catalyze reactions between other chemicals by reducing the energy required for the reactions.
Enlarge picture
Digestive system.

digestive

pertaining to digestion.

digestive enzymes
include salivary (amylase), gastric (pepsin), pancreatic (trypsin, chymotrypsin, amylase, lipase), small intestinal mucosa (carbohydrases including isomaltase, lactase, maltase, sucrase, trehalase).
digestive inoculant
administered mostly to neonates primarily to provide an inoculum of beneficial bacteria and protozoa essential to proper digestion and usually picked up from the environment. In many commercial products the irresistible temptation to include other materials, including dietary essential vitamins and minerals, clouds the effect of the inoculant, and may, as in iron poisoning in foals, cause disaster.
digestive system
the organs that have as their particular function the ingestion, digestion and absorption of food or nutritive elements. They include the mouth, teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and intestines. The accessory organs of digestion, which contribute secretions important to digestion, include the salivary glands, pancreas, liver and gallbladder. Birds have an unusual system in that there are no teeth and no soft palate in most. There is a pregastric buffer, the crop; the stomach is separated into two organs, one secretory and one muscular, and the large intestine is replaced by a dual cecum. The rectum empties into a cloaca which is shared with the urogenital tract. The ruminant system is complicated by the presence of the forestomachs, the reticulum, rumen and omasum, and there are no upper incisor teeth. The peculiarities of horses are the greatly distended large intestine and the absence of a gallbladder.
digestive tract
the digestive system less the ancillary organs of salivary glands, liver and pancreas; the luminal organs through which food passes. See also alimentary canal.
References in periodicals archive ?
The improved version of Digestive Enzymes Clinical Strength contains multiple protease enzymes that specialize in the breakdown of proteins at differing pH levels throughout the small intestine.
Each sample was assayed for 19 digestive enzymes (Table 1) using api ZYM test kits (bioMerieux, Inc.
All three unleashed digestive enzymes into intestinal tissues, the bloodstream and beyond.
If we ate a purely raw food diet, we wouldn't need supplemental digestive enzymes.
Why do we need digestive enzymes in treating inflammation?
Geert Schmid-Schonbein, lead investigator, and colleagues discovered that under conditions of shock, the epithelial cell barrier in the small intestine becomes permeable causing highly potent digestive enzymes to be carried into the bloodstream and lymphatic system where they can lead to MOF and death.
This is a good source of beneficial digestive enzymes.
The research was testing whether Erbitux, given with chemotherapy, extends survival of patients with cancer that has spread from the pancreas, an organ that secretes digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin.
An alternate theory to justify this coffee's reputation proposes that the beans are of superior quality before they are even ingested; though this is not to say that the digestive enzymes play no role.
DIGESTIVE ENZYMES MANY people don't produce enough of the enzymes that digest food, meaning malabsorption and digestive problems such as bloating and flatulence can arise.
EPI occurs when severe, progressive loss of tubulo-acinar tissue from atrophy or inflammatory destruction results in insufficient secretion of digestive enzymes and clinical signs of malabsorption.