difficult airway


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A clinical situation in which a conventionally trained anesthesiologist experiences difficulty with face mask ventilation of the upper airway, difficulty with tracheal intubation, or both. The difficult airway represents a complex interaction between patient factors, the clinical setting, and the skills of the practitioner

difficult airway

An airway that is challenging or impossible to intubate. Intubation is increasingly difficult in: older patients, patients with head or neck trauma, obese patients, and patients with craniofacial abnormalities.
See also: airway
References in periodicals archive ?
Kuduvalli et al performed a prospective study of the effect of mannequin teaching on trainees' ability to manage unanticipated difficult airway issues and found a statistically significant improvement in performance over time that was sustained over the course of several months.
Many methods have been introduced to predict difficult airways, of which some require particular circumstances, and some require special equipment.
Practice guidelines for management of the difficult airway: An updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists task force on management of the difficult airway.
Then, skills sessions on difficult airway task trainers are completed, with focused practice on the use of the bag/valve/ mask system, placing oral and nasal airways, placement of laryngeal mask airways (LMA's) and finally on endotracheal intubation--performed with various conventional laryngoscopes and also with the video laryngoscope.
Michael Murphy, a renowned, leading educator on difficult airway management, thinks the device has definite value and says, "ROTIGS is a substantial advance as an assist device for endoscopic airway evaluation and bronchoscopic endotracheal intubation, particularly in the hands of those that perform this vital skill infrequently.
s Manual Jet Ventilator and Transtracheal Catheter may be the emergency intervention of choice for the patient with facial trauma, partial airway obstruction, upper airway bleeding, or otherwise difficult airway access and management.
Ten of the chapters have been rewritten from start to finish, including those on neuraxial labor analgesia, cesarean delivery, the difficult airway, and hypertensive disorders.
It is important that clinicians are aware of factors that determine the appropriate sizing of an airway, which patients are more likely to constitute a difficult airway, and the potential complications related to airway insertion and suctioning.
Despite careful evaluation of the airway preoperatively, the provider can be presented with an unanticipated difficult airway to manage.
Organised by Aintree University Hospital the Difficult Airway Society conference will be held in the city for the first time.
Between 400 and 600 medical professionals are expected to attend the Difficult Airway Society event, from Wednesday, November 12 to Friday, November 14, at The Adelphi Hotel.
Despite the development of new techniques and equipment and the creation of difficult airway guidelines, "Sudden airway problems remain one of the anesthesiologist's biggest challenges," Foss points out.