Neuronal counts for the telencephalic (TC) and diencephalic
(DC) clusters were conducted at 5 days post-fertilization (dpf) (n = 5).
The location of the TPC along the DMB would suggest that the MLF neurones were both diencephalic
and mesencephalic by stage 25.
1999), the immobility time on forced swimming test (FST), the behaviour on marble burying test, the diencephalic
content of serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) and expression of serotonin 1A receptor (5-[HT.
The objective was to target the diencephalic
dopaminergic neurons of the zebrafish to mimic the symptoms present in individuals with pd.
Analysis covers the following EEG abnormalities, reflecting the status of deep structures at various levels: generalized bilateral synchronic abnormalities of diencephalic
, mesencephalic, metencephalic, frontobasal and limbic origin.
1928), "A Diencephalic
Mechanism for the Expression of Rage with Special Reference to the Central Nervous System', American Journal of Physiology, 84: 490-513.
By 1924, Edouard Claperede (1873-1940) reported for the first time that yawning has a diencephalic
origin, which initiated today's neuromuscular theory and challenged the older ventilatory concept.
22) Note that in one patient after subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS, pulse-modulated radiofrequency diathermy applied to the maxilla produced permanent diencephalic
and brainstem lesions leading to a vegetative state.
Differential diagnosis in the infant include: short syndrome, neonatal progeroid syndrome, neurometabolic lysosomal storage disorder (Gaucher type 2, Krabbe disease), Russell diencephalic
syndrome; in older children, Dunningan lipodistrophy, Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; and in adults, Barraquer-Simons syndrome, AIDS, partial lipodistrophy and Lawrence syndrome (9).
Most extragonadal germ cell tumors in humans arise intracranially in midline diencephalic
2005) reported that BMP signaling, including BMPR-IB, is involved in chick diencephalic
development, and the expression level of BMPR-IB decreases in the theca of chicken ovary from F1 to F3 follicles.
When diagnosing secondary mania, look for traumatic brain injury, seizures, neoplasms--especially diencephalic
and third ventricle tumors--normal pressure hydrocephalus, multiple sclerosis, idiopathic basal ganglia calcification, tuberous sclerosis, Kleine-Levin syndrome (episodic periods of excessive sleep and overeating followed by amnesia of these episodes), Huntington's disease, and headaches.