symptom

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symptom

 [simp´tom]
any indication of disease perceived by the patient.
cardinal s's
1. symptoms of greatest significance to the health care provider, establishing the identity of the illness.
2. the symptoms shown in the temperature, pulse, and respiration.
dissociation symptom anesthesia to pain and to heat and cold, without impairment of tactile sensibility.
objective symptom one perceptible to others than the patient, such as pallor, rapid pulse, rapid respiration, or restlessness.
presenting symptom the symptom or group of symptoms about which the patient complains or from which he seeks relief.
signal symptom a sensation, aura, or other subjective experience indicative of an impending epileptic or other seizure.
subjective symptom one perceptible only to the patient, such as pain, pruritus, or vertigo.
withdrawal s's withdrawal (def. 2).
symptom (omaha) in the omaha system, on the fourth level of the problem classification scheme, the subjective evidence of a client problem as reported by the client or by a significant other; this is closely related to the problem modifier actual. See also sign/symptom.

symp·tom

(simp'tŏm),
Any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in structure, function, or sensation, experienced by the patient and indicative of disease.
See also: phenomenon (1), reflex (1), sign (1), syndrome.
[G. symptōma]

symptom

/symp·tom/ (simp´tom) any subjective evidence of disease or of a patient's condition, i.e., such evidence as perceived by the patient; a change in a patient's condition indicative of some bodily or mental state.
objective symptom  one that is evident to the observer; see sign.
presenting symptom  the symptom or group of symptoms about which the patient complains or from which he seeks relief.
subjective symptom  one perceptible only to the patient.
withdrawal symptoms  substance withdrawal.

symptom

[simp′təm]
Etymology: Gk, symptoma, that which happens
a subjective indication of a disease or a change in condition as perceived by the patient. For example, the halo symptom of glaucoma is seen by the patient as colored rings around a single light source. Many symptoms are accompanied by objective signs, such as pruritus, which is often reported with erythema and a maculopapular eruption on the skin. Some symptoms may be objectively confirmed, such as numbness of a body part, which may be confirmed by absence of response to a pin prick. Primary symptoms are symptoms that are intrinsically associated with a disease. Secondary symptoms are a consequence of illness and disease. Compare sign.

symptom

A subjective manifestation–eg, nausea, light-headedness, itching, of a morbid condition reported by a person; often used loosely for signs or other evidence used of a particular condition. See B symptom, Cancer symptom, Cognitive symptom, Concomitant symptom, First rank symptom, Homeopathic symptom, Negative symptom, Positive symptom, Shake & bake symptom. Cf Sign.

symp·tom

(simp'tŏm)
Any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in structure, function, or sensation, experienced by the patient and indicative of disease.
See also: phenomenon (1) , reflex (1) , sign (1) , syndrome
[G. symptōma]

symptom

A subjective perception suggesting bodily defect or malfunction. Symptoms are never perceptible by others. Objective indications of disease are called signs.

symptom

any change in normal function or activity associated with a particular disease.

symptom

subjective features of disease, noted/reported by the patient

symptom,

n any reported subjective attribute of an illness. See also anamnesis; case taking; symptom, complete; symptom, functional; symptom, general; symptom, local; symptom, mental; symptom, particular; modality; and symptoms, totality of.
symptom inventory,
n a questionnaire used to record patient symptoms to assess their condition.
symptom picture,
n account of all attributes of an illness specific to the patient. This is similar to clinical picture yet is individualized to that patient. See also clinical picture, disease picture, and symptom.
symptom selection,
n the method of choosing the most helpful symptoms to determine the most effective homeopathic remedy. See also symptoms, hierarchy of; case taking; and symptoms, ranking of.
symptom, accessory,
n within a group of symptoms, a less significant one. A less significant symptom. Also called
concomitant symptom. See also symptom, incidental.
symptom, “as if”,
n subjective patient-described symptoms based on personalized perceived parallels as in “I feel as if.” Primarily used in homeopathy.
symptom, benign,
n.pl 1., symptom associated with inconsequential or minor condition.
2., in naturopathic medicine, indications (usually physical) of the body's response to a pathogen; symptoms that occur as part of the healing reaction as the body works to heal itself.
symptom, complete,
n description of all aspects of a symptom—including where, when, how, how strong, how long, how often, and so forth. The plethora of variables involved in the complaint. See also symptom selection and symptoms, weighting of.
symptom, eliminating,
n a symptom that, if not present in the listing for a given remedy in materia medica, removes that remedy from the list of those possible to treat the disease. See also symptom, guiding.
symptom, general,
n systemic indicator of an illness. See also aggravating factors and modality.
symptom, guiding,
n symptom that points toward a certain remedy. See also symptom, eliminating.
symptom, incidental,
n a minor symptom of the illness that is not of primary importance. See also symptom, accessory; complaint; and concomitants.
symptom, keynote,
n See symptom, guiding.
symptom, local,
n a symptom limited to a specific body part, organ, or system. See also symptom, general and symptom, particular.
symptom, mental,
n psychologic symptom of an illness. Also called
mind symptom. See also symptoms, hierarchy of; symptom, general; and symptom, local.
symptom, paradoxical,
n a symptom that is not consistent with the disease.
symptom, particular,
n a symptom related to a specific anatomical part. See also symptom, local and complaint.
symptom, strange, rare, and peculiar,
n an unusual symptom atypical for the illness. This type of symptom is important for case analysis in homeopathy as it allows for individualizing the remedy. See also symptom selection and symptoms, weighting of.
symptoms of maximum value, minimum,
n the small number of deterministic symptoms that identify the core of the illness in an individual.
symptoms, alternating,
n.pl two or more symptoms with only one symp-tom present at any given time. See also metastasis and syndrome shift.
symptoms, hierarchy of,
n prioritization of symptoms with respect to their consequences and importance. See also symptom selection.
symptoms, morbid,
n.pl subjective indications of pain or severe discomfort that arise directly from an injury or disease.
symptoms, new,
n.pl novel symptoms that may be a result of the current illness or the homeopathic remedy used to treat the illness.
symptoms, proving,
n.pl documented symptoms described by the person who is testing a homeopathic remedy. See also adverse drug reaction; dis-ease, iatrogenic; and symptoms, new.
symptoms, ranking of,
n the standing of symptoms prioritized based on their significance in developing the most efficient treatment for the illness. See also symptoms, heirarchy of and symptoms, weighting of.
symptoms, reappearance of old,
n the reappearance of old symptoms after a homeopathic remedy is applied. Return of these symptoms often indicates positive progress in healing. See also suppression and therapeutic aggravation.
symptoms, resting,
n.pl symptoms observed before any active physiologic movements, which help determine the effect of the movements on the symptoms.
symptoms, totality of,
n one of the organizing principles of homeopathy, according to which the entire symptom profile of the patient is matched with the symptom profile of the homeopathic remedy.

sign 

Objective evidence of a disease as distinguished from symptom, which is a subjective complaint of a patient. See diagnosis; prognosis.
Argyll Robertson sign See Argyll Robertson pupil.
Bell's sign Bell's phenomenon occurring on the affected side in Bell's palsy.
Bjerrum's sign See Bjerrum's scotoma.
Cogan's lid twitch sign A twitch of the upper eyelid in an eye with ptosis when the patient is asked to look in the primary position following a downward look. The eyelid then returns to its ptosis position. This condition occurs in myasthenia gravis.
Collier's sign Unilateral, or more commonly bilateral, eyelid retraction that exposes an unusual amount of the sclera of the eye above and below the iris; it gives the person a frightened or startled expression. It is due to a midbrain lesion. See Parinaud's syndrome.
sign convention A set of conventions regulating the direction of distances, lengths, and angles measured in geometrical optics. The most common is the New Cartesian Sign Convention. It stipulates: (1) All distances are measured from the lens, refracting surface or mirror. Those in the same direction as the incident light, which is drawn travelling from left to right, are positive. Those in the opposite direction are negative. (2) All distances are measured from the axis. Those above are positive. Those below are negative. (3) Angles are measured from the incident ray to the axis, with anticlockwise angles positive and clockwise angles negative. (4) The power of a converging lens is positive and that of a diverging lens is negative (Fig. S7). See focal length; Lagrange's law; law of refraction; Newton's formula; fundamental paraxial equation.
Dalrymple's sign Retraction of the eyelids causing an abnormally widened palpebral fissure, in primary gaze. This is a sign of Graves' disease. The patient appears to stare and to be frightened as some white sclera may be seen above the upper limbus.
doll's eye sign See doll's head phenomenon.
von Graefe's sign Immobility or lagging of the upper eyelid when looking downward. This is a sign of Graves' disease.
Gunn's crossing sign Tapering of veins on either side of the arteriovenous crossings seen in hypertensive retinopathy.
Hutchinson's sign A triad of signs present in congenital syphilis. They are interstitial keratitis, notched teeth and deafness.
local sign See oculocentric direction.
Moebius' sign Convergence weakness occurring in Graves' disease.
Mizuo's sign See Mizuo's phenomenon.
Munson's sign A sign observed in keratoconus in which the lower lid is bulging as a cone when the patient looks downward.
pseudo-von Graefe sign See aberrant regeneration.
Rizzuti's sign An arrowhead pattern near the nasal part of the corneoscleral limbus, sometimes seen in advanced keratoconus.
Salus' sign Retinal vein deflection from its normal course at arteriovenous crossings seen in hypertensive retinopathy.
Seidel's sign See Seidel's scotoma.
Shafer's sign The presence of pigment granules of various sizes floating in the anterior vitreous. They usually result from a retinal break/s, which may progress into rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Then the pigment cells appear as small black dust-like particles ('tobacco dust') seen on clinical examination.
Vogt's sign Loss of the normal shagreen of the front surface of the crystalline lens indicating anterior capsular cataract. See crocodile shagreen.
Uhthoff's sign See Uhthoff's symptom.
Fig. S7 Sign convention at a spherical refracting surface S (O, object; A, vertex; C, centre of curvature; I, image; n , n ′, refractive indices)enlarge picture
Fig. S7 Sign convention at a spherical refracting surface S (O, object; A, vertex; C, centre of curvature; I, image; n, n′, refractive indices)

symp·tom

(simp'tŏm)
Any morbid departure from normal in structure or function experienced by patient and indicative of disease.
[G. symptōma]

symptom,

n any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in function, appearance, or sensation, experienced by the patient and indicative of disease. See also sign.
symptom, constitutional,
n symptom related to the systemic effects of a disease (e.g., fever, malaise, anorexia, weight loss).
symptoms, diagnostic signs and,
symptom, prodromal,
n the first observable indicator of an illness; the initial manifestation of a disease.

symptom

any indication of disease perceived by the patient and a term therefore not applicable to animals. The expression used instead is 'clinical signs'.
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