diabetes mellitus, Type II

diabetes mellitus, Type II

Also known as maturity-onset diabetes, this is due to a relative insufficiency of insulin as a result of impaired sensitivity to the actions of the hormone (insulin resistance). Obesity, which necessitates larger quantities of insulin, insulin resistance, abnormal beta cell function and excessively raised intracellular triglycerides are important factors. The rise in the prevalence of obesity in recent years has been accompanied by an alarming rise in the prevalence of Type II diabetes. The complications are those of Type I diabetes and the disease may be treated by weight reduction, diet, insulin, or the use of drugs which prompt the pancreas to produce more insulin.
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