Bornholm disease

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1. pain in the pleural cavity; called also pleuralgia.
2. costalgia (def. 2).
epidemic pleurodynia an epidemic disease usually caused by group B coxsackieviruses and sometimes by group A coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and other enteroviruses, marked by a sudden attack of violent pain in the chest, fever, and a tendency to recurrence on the third day. Called also devil's grip and Bornholm disease.

ep·i·dem·ic pleur·o·dyn·i·a

an acute infectious disease usually occurring in widespread outbreaks, characterized by paroxysms of pain, usually in the chest, and associated with strains of Coxsackievirus type B.

Bornholm disease

Bornholm disease

A coxsackievirus B infection first described on the Danish island of Bornholm.

Clinical findings
A usually self-limited viral illness characterised by sudden onset of spasmodic pain in the lower chest often with dyspnoea, nonspecific abdominal pain, myalgia, fever, headache and myocarditis.

DiffDx, pleuritic pain
Pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion, myocarditis, pericarditis, pneumothorax, Tietz syndrome, shingles.

DiffDx, abdominal pain
Peptic ulcer, cholecystitis, hepatitis, subphrenic abscess.

Transmitted oral-faecally with shared drinks, is highly contagious, occurs in the spring and fall in temperate climates, primarily affects children and young adults and causes severe disease in neonates.

ep·i·dem·ic pleu·ro·dy·ni·a

(ep'i-dem'ik plūr'ō-din'ē-ă)
An acute infectious disease usually occurring in epidemic form, characterized by paroxysms of pain, usually in the chest, and associated with strains of coxsackievirus type B.
Synonym(s): Bornholm disease, Daae disease, devil's grip, diaphragmatic pleurisy, epidemic myalgia, epidemic myositis, myositis epidemica acuta, Sylvest disease.

Bornholm disease

An infection with a COXSACKIE VIRUS which causes sudden attacks of pain in the central lower chest and upper abdomen, with headache, fever, sore throat and general upset. These attacks may occur repeatedly over a period of several weeks. There is no specific treatment. (First reported on Bornholm island off the Danish coast).


island in the Baltic Sea.
Bornholm disease - infection with coxsackievirus, causing severe abdominal and/or pleural pain.