wild yam

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wild yam

Herbal medicine
A perennial vine that contains alkaloids (e.g., dioscorine), phytosterols, steroidal saponins (e.g., dioscin, tillin, diosgenin) and tannins; it is anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, cholegogic and diuretic. Wild yam has been used for colic, menstrual cramps, morning sickness, threatened abortion, muscle spasms, rheumatic pain, poor circulation, neuralgia and urinary tract disease.

wild yam (wīldˑ yamˑ),

n Latin name:
Dioscorea villosa L.; part used: rhizome; uses: gallbladder conditions, rheumatism, cramps, dysmenorrhea, hormone supplementation, immunoregulator, cognitive functioning; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, patients with liver disease, family history of cancer (particularly breast, uterine, prostate or ovarian). Also called
colic root, Mexican wild yam, or
rheumatism root.