desalination

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desalination

[dēsal′inā′shən]
Etymology: L, de, from, sal, salt
the process of removing salt from water or other substances.

desalination

(dē-săl″ĭ-nā′shŭn)
Partial or complete removal of salts from a substance, as from seawater or brackish water, so that it is suitable for agricultural or household purposes but not necessarily for drinking.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's difficult to imagine a desert city having enough brackish water for a desalinization plant, but Archuleta said billions of years ago the Rio Grande deposited salt into the groundwater in the region now occupied by Fort Bliss, an expansive U.
The presence of Spanish companies is also very strong in other geographical markets: "Albeit the desalination market in Spain is at its peak," concludes Frost & Sullivan's analyst Nuno Oscar Branco, "Spanish companies have developed strong know-how in the construction and operation of large desalinization plants and are winning important contracts in Algeria, India and Australia.
Due to its high cost, energy intensiveness and overall ecological footprint, most environmental advocates view desalinization (or desalination)--the conversion of salty ocean water into fresh water--as a last resort for providing fresh water to needy populations.
With its rampant consumerism, man-made islands, audacious luxury towers, energy-chomping desalinization plants, and cookie-cutter suburbs carved into desert sands, the UAE is an environmentalist's nightmare.
Because it is surrounded by oceans, many Australians have wondered for years if desalinization could provide flesh water to the country's growing population.
3 billion power generation and water desalinization project in Bahrain, the Nihon Keizai Shimbum reported Sunday.
In addition to contributing pallets of food, medicine, and bottled water, Bonhomme Richard's desalinization plants produced more than 30,000 gallons of fresh water each day, which sailors and Marines from the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) put into containers to distribute to tsunami victims.
GE is especially interested in Ionics's desalinization equipment, particularly its reverse osmosis technology, as an addition to its fast-growing water services business.
Options for rejuvenating groundwater resources include artificial recharge (such as replenishing groundwater with rainfall collected during wet periods) and desalinization, which Alley says is decreasing in cost although it is still expensive.
But desalinization is very expensive and requires vast amounts of energy.
The Long Beach (CA) Water Department and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) agreed last month to construct and operate a desalinization prototype plant in Long Beach.