dermoid cyst


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cyst

 [sist]
1. bladder.
2. an abnormal closed epithelium-lined sac in the body that contains a liquid or semisolid substance. Most are harmless, but they should be removed when possible because they occasionally may change into malignant growths, become infected, or obstruct a gland. There are four main types of cysts: retention cysts, exudation cysts, embryonic cysts, and parasitic cysts.
3. a stage in the life cycle of certain parasites, during which they are enveloped in a protective wall.
adventitious cyst pseudocyst (def. 1).
alveolar c's dilatations of pulmonary alveoli, which may fuse by breakdown of their septa to form large air cysts (pneumatoceles).
arachnoid cyst a fluid-filled cyst between the layers of the leptomeninges, lined with arachnoid membrane, usually in the sylvian fissure.
Baker cyst a swelling on the back of the knee, due to escape of synovial fluid that has become enclosed in a sac of membrane.
Bartholin cyst a mucus-filled cyst of a Bartholin gland, usually developing as a consequence of an obstruction of the duct by trauma, infection, epithelial hyperplasia, or congenital atresia or narrowing.
Blessig c's cystic spaces formed at the periphery of the retina.
blue dome cyst
1. a benign retention cyst of the breast that shows a pale blue color. See also cystic disease of breast.
2. a cyst due to endometriosis, found in healed wounds such as those of an episiotomy or an incision for a cesarean section; it is usually found in the vaginal fornix or on the cervix.
Boyer cyst an enlargement of the subhyoid bursa.
branchial cyst (branchiogenic cyst) (branchiogenous cyst) see branchial cyst.
bronchogenic cyst a congenital cyst, usually in the mediastinum or lung, arising from anomalous budding during formation of the tracheobronchial tree, lined with bronchial epithelium that may contain secretory elements.
chocolate cyst one filled with hemosiderin, causing a dark color, following local hemorrhage, such as may occur in the ovary in ovarian endometriosis.
choledochal cyst a congenital cystic dilatation of the common bile duct, which may cause pain in the right upper quadrant, jaundice, fever, or vomiting, or be asymptomatic.
daughter cyst a small parasitic cyst developed from the walls of a larger cyst.
dentigerous cyst an odontogenic cyst surrounding the crown of a tooth, originating after the crown is completely formed.
dermoid cyst see dermoid cyst.
duplication cyst a congenital cystic malformation of the alimentary tract, consisting of a duplication of the segment to which it is adjacent, occurring anywhere from the mouth to the anus but most frequently affecting the ileum and esophagus.
echinococcus cyst hydatid cyst.
embryonic cyst one developing from bits of embryonic tissue that have been overgrown by other tissues, or from developing organs that normally disappear before birth. An example is a branchial cyst.
enteric cyst (enterogenous cyst) a cyst of the intestine arising or developing from some fold or pouch along the intestinal tract. Called also enterocyst and enterocystoma.
epidermal cyst (epidermoid cyst) an intradermal or subcutaneous cyst containing keratinizing squamous epithelium; it arises from occluded hair follicles. Called also wen.
epidermal inclusion cyst a type of epidermal cyst occurring on the head, neck, or trunk, formed by keratinizing squamous epithelium with a granular layer.
epithelial cyst
1. any cyst lined by keratinizing stratified squamous epithelium, found most often in the skin.
exudation cyst a cyst formed by the slow seepage of an exudate into a closed cavity.
false cyst pseudocyst (def. 1).
follicular cyst one due to occlusion of the duct of a follicle or small gland, especially one formed by enlargement of a graafian follicle as a result of accumulated transudate.
hydatid cyst the larval stage of the tapeworms Echinococcus granulosis and E. multilocularis; each one contains daughter cysts that have many scoleces (mouths). See also hydatid disease. Called also echinococcus cyst and hydatid.
inclusion cyst one formed by the inclusion of a small portion of epithelium or mesothelium within connective tissue along a line of fusion of embryonic processes; several types are found in the oral and nasal regions.
keratinizing cyst one arising in the pilosebaceous apparatus, lined by stratified squamous epithelium and containing largely macerated keratin and often sufficient sebum to render the contents greasy or rancid.
meibomian cyst chalazion.
mucus retention cyst a mucus-containing retention cyst caused by blockage of a salivary gland duct.
multilocular cyst
1. a cyst containing several loculi or spaces.
2. a hydatid cyst with many small irregular cavities that may contain scoleces but generally little fluid.
3. a thick-walled cyst in the kidney, found in clusters and usually unilaterally. In children it contains blastema and may develop into a Wilms tumor.
myxoid cyst a nodular lesion usually overlying a distal interphalangeal finger joint in the dorsolateral or dorsomesial position, consisting of focal mucinous degeneration of the collagen of the dermis; not a true cyst, lacking an epithelial wall, it does not communicate with the underlying synovial space.
Naboth's c's (nabothian c's) cysts that occur when mucus-producing glands in the columnar epithelium of the uterine cervix become covered over by squamous epithelium resulting from metaplasia; they are usually found in the transformation zone of the cervix. Called also Naboth's or nabothian follicles.
nasoalveolar cyst (nasolabial cyst) a fissural cyst arising outside the bones at the junction of the globular portion of the medial nasal process, lateral nasal process, and maxillary process.
odontogenic cyst one derived from epithelium, usually containing fluid or semisolid material, which develops during various stages of odontogenesis; nearly always enclosed within bone.
parasitic cyst one forming around larval parasites (tapeworms, amebas, trichinae), such as a hydatid cyst.
periapical cyst a periodontal cyst involving the apex of an erupted tooth.
perineurial cyst an outpouching of the perineurial space on the extradural portion of the posterior sacral or coccygeal nerve roots at the junction of the root and ganglion; it may cause low back pain and sciatica.
periodontal cyst one in the periodontal ligament and adjacent structures, usually at the apex of the tooth (periapical cyst).
pilar cyst a type of epidermal cyst, almost always found on the scalp, arising from the outer root sheath of the hair follicle.
pilonidal cyst see pilonidal cyst.
radicular cyst an epithelium-lined sac at the apex of a tooth.
Rathke's c's (Rathke's cleft c's) groups of epithelial cells forming small colloid-filled cysts in the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland; they are vestiges of Rathke's pouch and are closely related to craniopharyngiomas.
retention cyst a tumorlike accumulation of a secretion formed when the outlet of a secreting gland is obstructed. These cysts may develop in any of the secretory glands, such as the breast, pancreas, kidney, salivary or sebaceous glands, or mucous membranes.
sarcosporidian cyst sarcocyst (def. 2).
sebaceous cyst see sebaceous cyst.
solitary bone cyst a pathologic bone space in the metaphyses of long bones of growing children; it may be either empty or filled with fluid and have a delicate connective tissue lining.
subchondral cyst a bone cyst within the fused epiphysis beneath the articular plate.
tarry cyst
1. one resulting from hemorrhage into a corpus luteum.
2. a bloody cyst resulting from endometriosis.
theca-lutein cyst a cyst of the ovary in which the cystic cavity is lined with theca cells.
traumatic bone cyst a cavity (not a true cyst) formed in bone, particularly the mandible, in response to trauma. The hematoma precipitated by trauma is resorbed but bone is not replaced; the space formed is usually empty and lacks an epithelial lining.
unicameral bone cyst solitary bone cyst.
wolffian cyst a cyst of the broad ligament developed from vestiges of the mesonephros.

dermoid

 [der´moid]
1. skinlike.
2. a dermoid cyst.
dermoid cyst
1. a tumor of developmental origin consisting of a fibrous wall lined with stratified epithelium and containing hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, nerve elements, and teeth; a teratoma. When these cysts occur in the ovary they may present no symptoms, but their long pedicles may cause twisting, resulting in acute abdominal pain. Treatment is surgical removal.
2. a benign teratoma of the ovary, found usually in young women, typically filled with sebaceous material and hair.

der·moid cyst

a tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages and containing keratin, sebum, and hair.
Synonym(s): dermoid tumor, dermoid (2)

dermoid cyst

a tumor, derived from embryonal tissues, consisting of a fibrous wall lined with epithelium and a cavity containing fatty material, hair, teeth, bits of bone, and cartilage. Kinds of dermoid cysts are implantation dermoid cyst, inclusion dermoid cyst, thyroid dermoid cyst, and tubal dermoid cyst. Also called organoid tumor, teratoid tumor.
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Dermoid cyst

dermoid cyst

A benign teratoma, usually of the ovary, which is characterised by large amounts of sebaceous material mixed with mature tissue—including hair, teeth and skin adnexal structures, fat, bone, cartilage, thyroid and so on.  Dermoid cysts may also appear periorbitally in children, as well as along the vertebral column, especially in the lumbosacral region, due to failure in the closure of the neural tube. Malignancies (e.g., squamous cell carcinoma, thyroid carcinoma) may arise in dermoid cysts.

dermoid cyst

Pathology A benign teratoma of the ovary characterized by mature tissues, commonly sebaceous material mixed with hair, teeth and skin adnexal structures. See Teratoma.

der·moid cyst

(dĕr'moyd sist)
A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages and containing keratin, sebum, teeth, and hair.
Synonym(s): dermoid tumor, dermoid (2) .

dermoid cyst

A benign growth caused by the abnormal infolding, during embryonic development, of a small quantity of surface tissue (ectoderm). Dermoid cysts occur mainly in the skin and ovary and often contain hair, bones or teeth. Dermoids of the ovary occasionally contain a cancer.

synovial cyst

; dermoid cyst; mucoid cyst small, discrete, palpable, fluctuant, transluminant swelling of dorsum of digit, due to synovial membrane herniation (i.e. arthrocele formation) from distal interphalangeal joint; may rupture through overlying skin, or cause local nail matrix pressure with resultant nail plate deformity

cyst, dermoid 

A tumour containing keratin, sebum, fibrous tissue, hair or fat globules which may be found in the cornea, interior of the eye, or in the subcutaneous tissue of the superotemporal orbital rim. It presents as a round mass, about 1 to 2 cm in diameter, pink to yellow in colour. Limbal dermoids may be associated with Goldenhar's syndrome. There may be induced astigmatism. If vision is impaired or it is cosmetically disfiguring, treatment is by excision.

der·moid cyst

(dĕr'moyd sist)
A tumor consisting of displaced ectodermal structures along lines of embryonic fusion, the wall being formed of epithelium-lined connective tissue, including skin appendages and spaces containing keratin, sebum, and hair.

dermoid cyst,

dermoid

1. skinlike.
2. a dermoid cyst.

dermoid cyst
a tumor of developmental origin consisting of a fibrous wall lined with stratified epithelium and containing hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, nerve elements and teeth; a teratoma. Occurs in subcutaneous sites, in the ovary and various locations in the eye, including cornea, conjunctiva and eyelids.
ocular dermoid
dermoid on the eyelid, cornea or conjunctiva.
ovarian dermoid
when these cysts occur in the ovary they may present no signs but their long pedicles may cause twisting, resulting in acute abdominal pain.
dermoid sinus
an inherited abnormality in Rhodesian Ridgeback dogs in which a neural tube, which is an invagination of the skin, connects the skin with the dura mater in the vertebral canal or to an intervening structure. Characterized by the presence of a tuft of hair protruding from each sinus and sometimes complicated by infection with drainage.
References in periodicals archive ?
While epidermoid and dermoid cysts have similar origins, they differ in their degree of differentiation; epidermoids contain only squamous epithelium, while dermoids contain hair and glandular tissue in addition to squamous epithelium.
SAN DIEGO--The total recurrence rate of ovarian dermoid cysts in a pediatric and adolescent population following cystectomy is 11%, and evidence of recurrence that requires a second operative management is 3%.
Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth- a case report.
Dermoid cysts and teratomas are classified as germ cell tumors (Table 4).
Epidermoid cysts are relatively uncommon, and dermoid cysts are rare.
67) Dermoid and epidermoid lesions are separable by the presence of epithelial appendages within dermoid cyst walls.
Histopathology identified a wide variety of entities, including reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (n = 12), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 3), dermoid cyst (n = 3), abscess (n = 3), sarcoidosis (n = 1), hemangioma (n = 1), and lipoma (n = 1).
There are several types of ovarian cysts ranging from simple fluid-filled swellings which can disappear on their own to the more serious dermoid cyst which has to be removed surgically.
Mature cystic teratoma and dermoid cyst are the most common ovarian neoplasm derived from germ cells constituting approximately 20% of all ovarian tumors.