depressive phase

(redirected from depressive phase of bipolar disorder)

depressive phase

A phase of bipolar disorder characterised by a prolonged period of inertia, loss of self-esteem, withdrawal, sadness and a risk of suicide.

The manic phase is characterised by period of elation, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem, distractability and insomnia; in either, there is often dependence on alcohol or substances of abuse.

Bipolar disorder appears between age 15 and 25; it affects men and women equally.
References in periodicals archive ?
But while the symptoms of the depressive phase of bipolar disorder are similar to that of major depression, the treatments are different and often challenging for the physician.
Roughly 80% of all deaths by suicide can be attributed to a recognized mental health disorder, such as major depressive disorder, the depressive phase of bipolar disorder, anorexia nervosa, schizophrenia, or borderline personality disorder.
5) As mentioned previously, patients in the depressive phase of bipolar disorder are frequently misdiagnosed as having unipolar depression, an error that can have unwanted clinical consequences because the recommended treatments for the 2 disorders are substantially different.
Traditional mood stabilizers have been shown to have only limited efficacy in the depressive phase of bipolar disorder.
Other NIMH-supported investigators are studying the effects of antidepressant medications added to mood stabilizers in the treatment of the depressive phase of bipolar disorder in adolescents.
Additionally, the depressive phase of bipolar disorder is associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality.
One of the studies included in the review retrospectively compared oxcarbazepine (n = 27) with valproate (n = 27) add-on therapy in patients with the depressive phase of bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, or major depressive disorder.