depressive episode


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depressive episode

1. a manifestation of a major mood disorder involving an enduring period of some or all of the following signs: significant sadness, tearfulness, decreased appetite, weight loss, sleep and energy disturbance, psychomotor agitation or retardation, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, helplessness, hopelessness, decreased concentration, thoughts of death, and suicidal ideation.
See also: major depression, bipolar disorder, affective disorders. Compare: manic episode.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when specified criteria are met.
References in periodicals archive ?
are smoking, drinking and experimenting with drugs less, but still face high rates of depressive episodes, according to a new national survey of mental health.
Part of our work and effort is to help young people, teachers, and parents to understand the difference between a depressive episode and "the normal vagaries of adolescence," she said.
40,41] There is also increasing evidence that some who experience a major depressive episode will have a lifelong course of illness characterised by recurrent major depressive episodes or the development of chronicity, e.
It is indicated in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and add-on treatment of major depressive episodes in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) who have had sub-optimal response to antidepressant monotherapy*.
For example, hypothyroidism can mimic many features of depression and is sometimes treated incorrectly as a depressive episode when, in fact, it represents a deficiency of thyroid hormone.
The finding suggests that clinicians "need to pay attention to depressive symptoms during this time in a woman's life, and perhaps do a more extensive assessment both in terms of the current presentation and a history of depression, so they have a better understanding of what the overall risk is for a major depressive episode and how they might intervene to prevent it," the study's principal investigator, Joyce T.
3 percent) were most likely to experience a major depressive episode, according to a report by the U.
After experiencing mania, children with bipolar disorder can go through a period of normal mood or a depressive episode.
Also, a serious loss, difficult relationship, financial problem, or any stressful change in life patterns can trigger a depressive episode.
The lowest folate levels were observed in study participants who had had a major depressive episode lasting at least 2 weeks but had more recently been free of depressive symptoms for between 6 months and 1 year.
In international treatment guidelines, lithium augmentation is considered a first-line treatment strategy for patients with a major depressive episode who do not adequately respond to standard antidepressant treatment.