dental hygiene


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hygiene

 [hi´jēn]
1. the science of health and its preservation.
2. personal hygiene. adj., adj hygien´ic.
bronchial hygiene in the omaha system, activities directed toward maintenance of respiratory or pulmonary function, including inhalation therapy, percussion, and cannula insertion.
dental hygiene
2. the profession practiced by a dental hygienist.
mouth hygiene (oral hygiene) the personal maintenance of cleanliness and hygiene of the teeth and oral structures by toothbrushing, tissue stimulation, gum massage, hydrotherapy, and other procedures recommended by the dentist or dental hygienist for the preservation of dental and oral health. Called also dental hygiene. (See table.)
personal hygiene in the omaha system, a client problem in the health related behaviors domain, defined as individual practices related to health and cleanliness.

dental hygiene

n.
1. The practice of keeping the mouth, teeth, and gums clean and healthy, as by regular brushing and flossing and preventive dental care.
2. The state of one's oral health, resulting from this practice or its neglect. Also called oral hygiene.

hygiene

(hi'jen?) [Gr. hygieine(techne), healthful (art)]
1. Sanitation.
2. Healthfulness.
3. The study of health and observance of health rules.

bronchial hygiene

Any of several techniques to help patients clear mucus from their airways and improve respiration. It is used in patients who have copious, tenacious, or thick sputum, e.g., those affected by bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, occluded endotracheal tubes, or some pneumonias. Techniques employed include chest percussion, coughing and huffing, flutter valves, positive expiratory pressure therapy, and postural drainage.

community hygiene

A term sometimes used as a synonym for public health.

dental hygiene

Oral hygiene.

hand hygiene

Any of several techniques to clean the hands, including handwashing with plain and antimicrobial soaps and the use of alcohol-based hand rubs. Hand hygiene is the single most effective method of decreasing nosocomial infections. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that if hands are not visibly soiled, alcohol preparations containing between 60% and 90% ethanol or isopropanol kill microorganisms more effectively than plain or antimicrobial soap and are not as harsh. After the hand rub is applied to the palm of one hand, the hands and fingers should be rubbed together, covering all surfaces, until they are entirely dry. Hands that are visibly dirty or contaminated should still be washed with soap and water for at least 15 seconds. The need for hand hygiene is not eliminated by the use of gloves. Contact dermatitis caused by alcohol hand rubs is very uncommon. However, with increasing use of such products by health care personnel, true allergic reactions will occasionally be encountered. Hospital computers can serve as a reservoir for drug-resistant bacteria such as vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

CAUTION!

Health care personnel should avoid wearing artificial nails and should keep nails less than a quarter of an inch long if they care for patients at high risk of acquiring infections (e.g., patients in ICUs, transplant units, or protective isolation).
See: Hand Washing: Soap and water

industrial hygiene

That branch of hygiene that deals primarily with health of industrial workers, esp. study, treatment, and prevention of occupational diseases.

mental hygiene

The science of developing and maintaining mental health and preventing mental illness.

oral hygiene

Any of several preventive techniques to avoid pathological conditions of the teeth and oral cavity. These include discontinuing the use of tobacco products, including smokeless tobacco (snuff); brushing the teeth and using dental floss daily; and removal of impacted food debris. Oral hygiene may be performed with manual or mechanical devices such as toothbrushes, floss, and mechanical toothbrushes. Edentulous people with partial restorations or false teeth should be sure that their appliances fit properly and are kept clean. Removal of plaque by a dental hygienist at least twice each year is also important for prevention of periodontal disease.
Synonym: dental hygiene See: mouth care; dental hygienist; toothbrushing

sleep hygiene

The influence of behavioral patterns or sleeping environment on the quality and quantity of sleep. Persons with insomnia not caused by a known disease may find that the following may assist in obtaining a good night's sleep: establishing a routine time to go to bed; avoiding trying to sleep; using practices that assist in going to sleep such as reading, watching television, or listening to music; sleeping in a dark room, free of noise; and avoiding caffeine and excessive food or drink before bedtime.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a front-line health care professional, the dental hygienist must understand and practice dental hygiene care ethics.
bring dental hygiene educators, researchers and practitioners together
The dental hygiene process of care is an excellent tool for generating talking points about the comprehensive care that is delivered by dental hygienists.
The West Coast University Dental Hygiene Clinic has been designed to provide patients with a superior experience.
The Dental Therapist is required to complete an accredited post-baccalaureate dental hygiene therapy education program.
org/national-dental-hygiene-month and watch for the special National Dental Hygiene Month edition of ADHA Update.
The board entered into separate settlement agreements with Janet Hillis, the head of Iowa Western's Dental Hygiene Department, and Linda Meyers, the coordinator of the I-Smile program.
Several of my dental hygiene colleagues and I have conducted research in which dental hygienists self-report providing a higher level of evidence-based care after earning their dental hygiene degree.
axiUm Dental Hygiene Edition is developed by The Exan Group.
Two to four senior dental hygiene students would be rotated by the department and faculty weekly to execute the program and offer dental care to approximately 70 second-grade students in the spring of 2014.
We welcome MCPHS University's dental hygiene clinic to the school's downtown array of classes, labs and services.
And for working families, it's often a hardship to take time off from work to make the journey to town for dental hygiene care.