demyelinating diseases


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demyelinating diseases

Diseases that feature loss of the myelin sheath of nerve fibres in the white matter of the central nervous system. The most important of the demyelinating diseases is MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. Others include acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, which may follow measles or chickenpox, and neuromyelitis optica, in which both optic nerves are affected as well as the spinal cord.

demyelinating diseases

group of central and peripheral nervous system disorders characterized by progressive and/or segmental demyelination of nerves and resultant loss of neurological function, e.g. multiple sclerosis, diabetes mellitus
References in periodicals archive ?
The open ring: a new imaging sign in demyelinating disease.
A review of the Demyelinating Diseases products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources.
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis in the context of CNS demyelinating diseases.
Elewski reserves the drug for psoriasis patients with relative contraindications or sensitivity to anti-TNF agents: those with a personal history of melanoma, an internal malignancy, heart failure, or systemic lupus erythematosus, or a personal or family history of multiple sclerosis or another demyelinating disease.
Classification of demyelinating diseases at the interface between etiology and pathogenesis.
Although MS has been considered a demyelinating disease, hints in literature suggest that neurons are also involved.
Identifying the mechanisms behind progressive vision loss associated with glaucoma and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis is a goal for many ophthalmic researchers.
Long-term successful treatment of demyelinating diseases, such as MS, will likely require both die regulation of the immune system and the promotion of remyelination to protect axonal integrity," said Robert Miller, Ph.
London, Sept 26 (ANI): Scientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have opened a door to research and potential treatments for multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy and other demyelinating diseases afflicting millions of people worldwide.
of Ottawa, Canada) assembles 21 chapters by scholars and practitioners from North America and Europe, who detail recent neurological research on multiple sclerosis and related demyelinating diseases such as neuromyeletis optica and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.
No studies have directly investigated the question of whether influenza vaccine causes demyelinating diseases in children, therefore the IOM committee was unable to answer that question, according to the report.